Romans Lesson 9 Day 3

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Romans Lesson 9 Day 3

My answers to BSF study questions

All scriptures for this lesson
Questions for this lesson

“By the sin of Adam all men became sinners and were alienated from God; by the righteousness of Jesus Christ all men became righteous and are restored to a right relationship with God.” Williams Barclay

Even I find my answers obscure. The concept of grace is such a mystery, how can it be explained so our natural minds can comprehend it? 

5. Adam brought offense. Jesus brought a free gift of grace.


One man (the first Adam) brought death and one man brought restoration.

God created Adam to reign but lost it. Mankind became slaves to sin.

Adam’s choice brought death to all.

Jesus’ gift of grace allows us to choose freedom and eternal life. Jesus authorizes and restores believers to rule and reign in the kingdom of God.

Weymouth’s translation says, “For if by the trespasses of the one, death reigned as king through the one, much more shall they who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign as kings in the realm of life.” Romans 5:17

The free gift of grace bears no resemblance to Adam’s crime. (Romans 5:15 Voice)

 Death reigned . . . righteousness will reign: We could say that both Adam and Jesus are kings, each instituting a reign. Under Adam, death reigned. Under Jesus, we can reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ. Guzik

6. Free gift of grace

Because of Jesus we all get the same choice Adam had – the choice to trust God or trust self. Either we will receive the life that God offers us or we will condemn ourselves through unbelief. No one is lost through Adam’s unbelief but their own (unbelief). Paul Ellis

How much more—

For if the one man’s sin brings death to so many, how much more does the gift of God’s radical grace extend to humanity since Jesus the Anointed offered His generous gift. (Romans 5:15 Voice emphasis added)

. . .how much more will those who receive grace in abundance and the free gift of redeeming justice reign in life by means of one other man—Jesus the Anointed. (Romans 5:17 Voice emphasis added)

Paul’s point is that last Adam did a greater work than first Adam. Grace is greater than sin and the gift is greater than the trespass. . .a wonderful revelation. . .Paul Ellis

Paul knew the Jews would have a difficult time understanding and accepting the concept of grace. Even today the church often teaches a mixture of works and grace. Our carnal nature draws us to works (we want the pat on the back) and away from our true identity in Christ.

When I heard about Jesus’ offer, I said, “Yes, please.”

I acknowledged and confessed with my lips that Jesus is Lord and in my heart, I believe the truth that God raised Him from the dead, so I am saved. (based loosely on AMPC)

7. All humanity is connected to Adam. 

The Jew never really thought of himself as an individual but always thought as part of a clan, a family, or a nation apart from which he had no real existence.

The passage ought to be given what is called the realistic interpretation, namely that, because of the solidarity of the human race, all mankind actually sinned in Adam. This idea was not strange to a Jew; it was the actual belief of the Jewish thinkers. The writer of 2 Esdras is quite clear about it. “A grain of evil was sown in the heart of Adam from the beginning and how much wickedness has it brought forth unto this time; and how much shall it yet bring forth till the time of the threshing come” (2 Esdras 4:30). “For the first Adam, bearing a wicked heart, transgressed and was overcome; and not only he but all they also who are born of him” (2 Esdras 3:21). William Barclay

In Jewish thought, sin and death are integrally connected. This is what Paul is getting at in the involved and difficult line of thought in Romans 5:12-14. We may trace his thought there in a series of ideas.

. . .as mankind was solid with Adam and was therefore condemned to death, so mankind is solid with Christ and is therefore acquitted to life. Even although the law has come and made sin much more terrible, the grace of Christ overcomes the condemnation which the law must bring. William Barclay

We become one with Christ by the Spirit.

But when you are joined with the Lord, you become one spirit with Him. (1 Corinthians 6:17 Voice)

I am one with Christ. 

I know this is true because God’s Word says so.

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MY answers — not THE answers — to BSF study questions on Romans Lesson 9 Day 3 ~ Romans 5:14-19