Romans Lesson 24 Day 3

Romans Lesson 24 Day 5,Romans Lesson 24 Day 4,Romans Lesson 24 Day 3,Romans Lesson 24 Day 2

My answers to BSF study questions

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Questions for this lesson

In the first seven verses of this chapter [Romans 13], the apostle discusses the subject of the duty which Christians owe to civil government; a subject which is extremely important, and at the same time exceedingly difficult. There is no doubt that he had express reference to the peculiar situation of the Christians at Rome; but the subject was of so much importance that he gives it a general bearing, and states the great principles on which all Christians are to act. 

The Christian religion was designed to extend throughout the world. Yet it contemplated the rearing of a kingdom amid other kingdoms, an empire amid other empires. Christians professed supreme allegiance to the Lord Jesus Christ; he was their Lawgiver, their Sovereign, their Judge. It became, therefore, a question of great importance and difficulty, what kind of allegiance they were to render to earthly magistrates.

The kingdoms of the world were then pagan Kingdoms. The laws were made by pagans, and were adapted to the prevalence of heathenism. Those kingdoms had been generally founded in conquest, and blood, and oppression. Many Of the monarchs were blood-stained warriors; were unprincipled men; and were polluted in their private, and oppressive in their public character. Whether Christians were to acknowledge the laws of such kingdoms, and of such men, was a serious question, and one which could not but occur very early. It would occur also very soon, in circumstances that would be very affecting and trying. Soon the hands of these magistrates were to be raised against Christians in the fiery scenes of persecution; and the duty and extent of submission to them became a matter of very serious inquiry. (Barnes’ Notes on the New Testament.)

6. To resist authority is to resist the divine order of God. (Romans 13:2 TPT)

Romans 13:1

All governments are under God. (MSG)

For there can be no authority in the universe except by God’s appointment, which means that every authority that exists has been instituted by God. (TPT)

The Greek word translated resist implies actively fight against. “The word power refers directly to the authority of the government itself, not just its directives.” (Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary)

Zealots (Judea)

The Zealots were a political movement in 1st-century Second Temple Judaism, which sought to incite the people of Judea Province to rebel against the Roman Empire and expel it from the Holy Land by force of arms, most notably during the First Jewish–Roman War (66–70). (Wikipedia)

7. Submit to authority

Since God authorizes leaders, He expects us to recognize them and pray for them.

8. Personal application

Don’t worry about anything; instead, pray about everything. (Philippians 4:6 NLT)

Thankfully, our city, state, and national governments aren’t nearly as pagan and oppressive as the Egyptian Pharaohs or the Caesars of the Roman Empire.

Judah had five kings who did — Asa, Jehoshaphat, Joash, Hezekiah, and Josiah. “They were raised up by God to bring periods of revival and reformation to the nation. (The Revival Kings)”

Usually, even the best leaders don’t bring revival.  And we already have a Savior.

I’m mainly concerned about how upset people get about the outcome of elections and how divisive it can be. 

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MY answers — not THE answers — to BSF study questions on Romans Lesson 24 Day 3 ~ Romans 13:1-5