Romans Lesson 19 Day 5

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Romans Lesson 19 Day 5

My answers to BSF study questions

The Mystery of Israel’s Restoration

My beloved brothers and sisters, I want to share with you a mystery concerning Israel’s future. For understanding, this mystery will keep you from thinking you already know everything. (Romans 11:25 TPT)

11. All Israel will be saved. (Romans 11:25a)

All means all, right? Commentaries don’t agree on what Paul means.

  • Some say “all Israel” is a figure of speech like in Mark 1:5. They believe Paul means the nation of Israel as a whole will accept Jesus as the Messiah and be saved, but some individual Jews will not.
  • “It was the view of Calvin, for example, that the entire company of the redeemed, both Jew and Gentile, is intended. But Israel has not been used of Gentiles in these chapters, and it is doubtful that such is the case in any of Paul’s writings.” (Harrison)
  • “It is impossible to entertain an exegesis which understands Israel here in a different sense from Israel in verse 25.” (Bruce)
  • “It was a maxim among the Jews, that “every Israelite should have part in the future age.” (Grotius.) The apostle applies that maxim to his own purpose; and declares the sense in which it would be true. He does not mean to say that every Jew of every age would be saved; for he had proved that a large portion of them would be, in his time, rejected and lost. But the time would come when, as a people, they would be recovered; when the nation would turn to God; and when it could be said of them, that, as a nation, they were restored to the Divine favour. It is not clear that he means that even then every individual of them would be saved, but the body of them; the great mass of the nation would be. Nor is it said when this would be. This is one of the things which “the Father hath put in his own power,” Acts 1:7. He has given us the assurance that it shall be done to encourage us in our efforts to save them; and he has concealed the time when it shall be, lest we should relax our efforts, or feel that no exertions were needed to accomplish what must take place at a fixed time.”
    (Barnes’ Notes on the New Testament.)

Who’s right?

This verse came to my attention a few weeks ago. “All Israel” is a major concern since many of my family members are Jewish.

Bible teachers are fond of saying, “All means all.” So why would it be different here?

I don’t have an answer. I do believe we often get into rationalization, conjecture, and opinion when we try to explain why “All Israel” does not mean “ALL ISRAEL.”

As noted above, influential Bible scholars disagree about Paul’s meaning.

12. Israel’s spiritual blindness to the gospel will end.

God has not completely turned his back on Israel. He didn’t cancel or destroy the covenant agreement he made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

We can count on Israel’s restoration because God made a covenant with Israel. When the Six-Day War miraculously restored Israel as a nation, many Christians around the world rejoiced with them. Amazing.

13. God is faithful.

God keeps his promises. Isn’t that comforting?

Yet they (Israel) are still greatly loved by God because their ancestors were divinely chosen to be his. And when God chooses someone and graciously imparts gifts to him, they are never rescinded. (Romans 11:28-29 TPT)

The challenge

When we interpret and visualize prophecy, it’s so easy to get it wrong. Israel expected the Messiah to manifest like King David killing their enemies. They didn’t expect him to look like a shepherd.

14. God’s mercy

The partial and temporary hardening to the gospel that came over Israel opened the door to the non-Jews.

When God’s predetermined time comes, Israel’s eyes will be opened to the truth. 

All are born rebellious outsiders toward God. “Actually, God considers all humanity to be prisoners of their unbelief so that he can unlock our hearts and show his tender mercies to all who come to him.” (Romans 11:32 TPT)

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My answers to BSF study questions on Romans Lesson 19 Day 5 ~ Romans 11:25-32