Matthew Lesson 27 Day 3

Matthew Lesson 27 Day 2,Matthew Lesson 27 Day 3,Matthew Lesson 27 Day 4,Matthew Lesson 27 Day 5

Matthew Lesson 27 Day 3

Matthew 26:57-68

Jesus Faces the Sanhedrin

6. Jesus was taken to Caiaphas’ home.

The scribes and elders had assembled there.

It appears the Sanhedrin had a planning meeting with Judas, the soldiers, the scribes, elders, the high priest, and the former high priest so they all knew where to be and what to do that night. Judas had time to change his mind. Did all this attention make him feel important? Was he still angry at Jesus, or just greedy?

Before Jesus came to the home of Caiaphas (the official high priest), He was led to the home of Annas, who was the ex-high priest and the “power behind the throne” of the high priest (according to John 18:12-14 and John 18:19-23) (1)

Peter followed at a distance at the homes of Annas and Caiaphas. “Peter was determined to prove wrong Jesus’ prediction that he would deny and forsake Him at His death.” (1)

7. a. Jesus’ trial before Caiaphas—

False witness selection

They questioned many volunteers, but it took a while to find lies they could work with.

Finally, two were chosen.

“The Jews violated their own laws by holding a trial at night.”(4)

That wasn’t the only Jewish law they violated.

  • Criminal cases must not be tried during Passover.
  • Only an acquittal could be issued on the same day as the trial. A guilty verdict had to wait until the next day to allow for feelings of mercy to rise.
  • All evidence had to be guaranteed by two witnesses, who were separately examined and could not have contact with each other.
  • Giving a false witness was punishable by death. None of the false witnesses were punished.
  • The trial should begin with evidence of the accused’s innocence before evidence of guilt. (Guzik)

The religious leaders sought false evidence against Jesus but found none. Matthew 26:59-61

The high priest tries to provoke Jesus into incriminating Himself. Matthew 26:63

Jesus is charged with blasphemy and determined to be worthy of death. Matthew 26:65-66

b. “Have you no answer to make?”

“What is it these men testify against you?” (Of course, they twisted Jesus’ words about his resurrection. He didn’t say he was able to destroy the temple and rebuild it in two days. Although, the actual temple was later destroyed by “his coming on the clouds” per the Old Testament metaphor for coming in judgment.)

Jesus remained silent while false accusations were made against him. It didn’t even make sense to respond to a witness the high priest knew was telling a lie.

8. a. “Tell us if you are the Christ, the Son of God.”

Jesus answered, “You have said so. But I tell you, from now on you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven.”

In Matthew 26:64 Jesus quoted a portion of Daniel 7:13 “a son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven.” Daniel recorded what he saw in a vision. Jesus spoke this prophecy concerning Himself.

b. In answer to the high priest’s question,

Jesus is saying that He is indeed the one—the Messiah prophesied would come.

He’s saying something else, too. Sitting in the right hand of Power, and coming on the clouds of heaven is a reference to the coming judgment on the Sanhedrin.

David wrote Psalm 18 on the day the Lord delivered him from the hand of all his enemies and from the hand of Saul.

“He bowed the heavens and came down, thick darkness was under his feet.” vs 9 . . . “thick clouds dark with water.” vs 11.

Psalm 110:1 “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.” The ones questioning Jesus were God’s enemies.

Zephania 1:15 “A day of wrath is that day, a day of distress and anguish, a day of ruin and devastation, a day of darkness and gloom, a day of clouds and thick darkness” This prophecy concerns the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians in 586 BC.

Jesus’ words were not blasphemy because He is the Christ, the Son of God.

9. Jesus, Son of Man

He is the Son of God, my Redeemer. Faithful and True (Revelation 19:11). The only one found worthy (Revelation 5:4-5).

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1 used by written permission.
2 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
3 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
4 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
5 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
6 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
7 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.
8 Andrew Wommack Living Commentary used by written permission

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My answers, research, and notes for BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Matthew Lesson 27 Day 3