Life of Moses Lesson 8 Day 4

Photo Credit Chad Madden  CC

My answers to BSF study questions for Life of Moses Exodus 20:12-17

9.  Commandments 5 through 10—

Exodus 10:12; Deuteronomy 5:16 The commandment: Honor your father and your mother.

The promise: “If you do, you and your children will live long and well in the land the Eternal your God has promised to give you. (Voice)

A female elder who mentored me said the word “honor” in this verse refers primarily to financial provision for aging parents. This lines up with Jesus’ reprimand of the Pharisees who tried to skirt this obligation by saying that money was set aside for God. Matthew 15:5-6

There are several verses in the New Testament that say children should obey their parents. Ephesians 6:1.

I looked up the Hebrew word in Strongs. Only one definition is given—”to be heavy, weighty, or burdensome” (I can relate to that one, given the current situation with my dad.) However, that definition doesn’t make sense as a command.

Even more confusing, the word is translated many ways—

List of English Words and Number of Times Used
abounding (1),
achieve honor (1),
became fierce (1),
became heavy (1),
boasting (1),
burdensome (1),
dim (1),
distinguished (3),
dull (2),
enjoy your glory (1),
glorified (4),
glorify (7),
glorious (2),
glorious things (1),
grave (1),
grew strong (1),
harden (1),
hardened (6),
heavier (2),
heavy (6),
held in honor (1),
honor (17),
honor you greatly (1),
honorable (4),
honored (19),
honoring (2),
honors (5),
indeed honor (1),
laid burdens (1),
made my heavy (1),
made our heavy (2),
made your heavy (3),
make (1),
make it glorious (1),
makes himself rich (1),
multiply (2),
nobles (1),
respected (1),
stopped (1),
weigh (1),
weigh heavily (1),
went heavily (1).

New American Standard Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible.

The following is an excerpt from a commentary:

There is a degree of affectionate respect which is owing to parents, that no person else can properly claim. For a considerable time parents stand as it were in the place of God to their children, and therefore rebellion against their lawful commands has been considered as rebellion against God. This precept therefore prohibits, not only all injurious acts, irreverent and unkind speeches parents, but enjoins all necessary acts of kindness, filial respect, and obedience. We can scarcely suppose that a man honors his parents who, when they fall weak, blind, or sick, does not exert himself to the uttermost in their support. In such cases God as truly requires the children to provide for their parents, as he required the parents to feed, nourish, support, instruct, and defend the children when they were in the lowest state of helpless in fancy. Adam Clark’s Commentary
I like that Clark included lawful commands. I think of all the abusive parents out there, including parents with dementia. Until recently, I had no idea the latter was such a problem.

Jewish doctrine seems to uphold the financial aspect—

The rabbins say, Honor the Lord with thy substance, Proverbs 3:9; and, Honor thy father and mother. The Lord is to be honored thus if thou have it; thy father and mother, whether thou have it or not; for if thou have nothing, thou art bound to beg for them. See Ainsworth. via Clark Adam’s Commentary

Exodus 20:13—The command: “You shall not commit murder.” AMP

Promise: none

Exodus 20:14—The command: “You shall not commit adultery.” AMP

Promise: none

Exodus 20:15—The command: “You shall not steal.” AMP

Promise: none

Exodus 20:16—The command: “You shall not witness falsely against your neighbor.” AMP

Promise: none

Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21—The command: “You are not to covet what your neighbor has or set your heart on getting his house, his wife, his male or female servants, his ox or donkey, or anything else that belongs to your neighbor.” Voice

Promise: none