Deuteronomy 1-3 Deut 1-3
3. Moses’ first address to Israel before his death—
The five first verses of this chapter contain the introduction to the rest of the book: they do not appear to be the work of Moses, but were added probably either by Joshua or Ezra. Adam Clarke’s Commentary.
- Why—Moses carefully explained the Lord’s instructions.
- When—1st day of the eleventh month, forty years after they left Egypt on what should have been an eleven day journey.
- After the defeat of King Sihon of the Amorites, who ruled in Heshbon,
- After Edrei defeated King Og of Bashan, who ruled in Ashtaroth.
- Where—in the wilderness east of the Jordan River, the deep valley running north and south from the eastern arm of the Red Sea to beyond the Dead Sea, land of the Moabites.
4. Moses recounts Israel’s history for the last forty years—
- Their population was as numerous as the stars.
- They constantly had disagreements with each other.
- Their parent’s generation caused the forty-year delay.
- Their parents could have taken the land, but they chose to send spies instead.
- They bought into the fear spread by ten of the spies, and said God hates us.
- Even after all He did, they refused to trust the Lord their God.
- All but Joshua and Caleb died in the wilderness because of their disobedience and unbelief.
- Joshua and Caleb could enter the promised land because they followed the Lord completely.
- They conquered King Sihon, Og and all sixty of his towns, and Aeor.
- Og was one of the giants that terrified their parents. The half-tribe of Manasseh settled in his land.
- He needed help to deal with all the people’s problems and bickering.
- I took the wise and respected men you had selected from your tribes and appointed them to serve as judges and officials over you. Deuteronomy 1:15
- Because he became angry with the people, God would not allow him to enter the promised land.
- He gave the conquered land east of the Jordan to the Reubenites and the Gadites.
- Moses pleaded with the Lord to allow him to enter the promised land to no avail.
- Moses commissioned Joshua to lead the people in his place, as God commanded.
- He increased their numbers.
- He delivered them from captivity.
- He promised to give the land of Canaan to their ancestors Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all their descendants.
- He told them go in and take the land.
- Because they chose to send and believe the spies instead of the Lord, that generation wandered in the desert for forty years until all of them died.
- The Lord your God cared for you all along the way as you traveled through the wilderness, just as a father cares for his child. Deut 1:31
- He went before you looking for the best places to camp.
- He guided you with a pillar of fire by night and a cloud by day.
- He became angry when He heard all their complaining.
- The Lord said, “You’ve been wandering around in this hill country long enough. Turn to the north.”
- God destroyed several people groups and gave the land to the current inhabitants including the descendants of Lot and Esau.
- God caused the inhabitants to be terrified of Israel.
- God handed King Sihon over to Israel and told them to take his land. He also helped them conquer Aeor and the region all the way to Gilead.
- God chose Joshua to lead the people across the Jordan after Moses’ death. He told Moses to commission Joshua, strengthen him, and encourage him.
Photo credit “Kingdom of Moab 830 map-pt” by Richardprins (talk · contribs) – This file was derived from: Kingdoms around Israel 830 map.svg:. Licensed under CC BY 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons –