John Lesson 3 Day 4

John Lesson 2 Day 2, John Lesson 2 Day 3, John Lesson 2 Day 4, John Lesson 2 Day 5, John Lesson 3 Day 2, John Lesson 3 Day 3, John Lesson 3 Day 4, John Lesson 3 Day 5

John Lesson 3 Day 4

John 2:18-22

Jesus speaks of a new temple.

9. a. The Jews demanded a sign.

They basically asked Jesus, “Who gave you the authority to act like this?”

The Jews confronted John the Baptist in a similar way by asking, “Who are you?” (John 1:19)

When Moses went to Pharaoh to deliver Israel, he performed signs to show that he was sent by God. Jesus took on the character of a prophet, so it was natural to ask by what authority this was done. The Jewish leaders demanded that Jesus prove His authority in a similar, dramatic way. (Barnes)

The Mosaic legislation contained a warning against the efficiency of the test by signs (Deuteronomy 13:1-3), but it was of the essence of Pharisaism to cling to it (Matthew 12:38; 1 Corinthians 1:22). It supplied an easy means of rejecting the moral conviction. A sign can only be evidence to the mind open to read the underlying truth. For “an evil and adulterous generation” it has no voice, and they can, after the feeding of the thousands, still demand “What sign showest Thou?” (John 6:30). There are bigots of incredulity. Knowledge is dependent upon action and will (comp. John 7:17). There is a mental condition which no evidence can convince, for it can always demand more. “If they hear not Moses and the Prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead” (Luke 16:31). (Ellicott)

b. They don’t believe Jesus has the authority.

He displayed authority by taking charge and stopping the inappropriate activities in the outer court of the temple. The Pharisees were offended because he disrupted their money making activities, so they would not accept any proof. They were looking at God in the flesh and did not know it.

On Jesus’ last triumphal entry into Jerusalem, he wept over it, because he knew total destruction was coming. He said, “And they will not leave one stone upon another in you, because you did not know the time of your visitation.” Luke 19:44 ESV

c. Personal reflection

I grew up knowing Jesus was the Son of God and that He had authority over me. Even when I behaved rebelliously toward Him, I never doubted His authority.

I’ve had a harder time trusting that God loves me all the time. He’s a good Father—not passive, judgmental, preoccupied, or negligent.

10. a. Jesus answered them—

“Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up.”

Several commentaries suggest that Jesus likely pointed to Himself when He said this. He willingly laid down His life and raised it back up again.

The true temple/tabernacle is in heaven where Jesus, our High Priest, is seated at the right hand of the Father. The earthly priests and Temple in Jerusalem were based on the heavenly reality. Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant. All authority has been given to Him in heaven and on earth.

Jesus is the mediator and negotiator of a New Covenant. All authority has been given to Him in heaven and on earth.

Jesus, the Lamb of God—the unblemished sacrifice.

John 10:17-18

“For this reason, the Father loves me, because I lay down my life that I may take it up again. No one takes it from me, but I lay it down of my own accord. I have authority to lay it down, and I have authority to take it up again. This charge I have received from my Father.” ESV

Jesus’ sacrificial death was completely voluntary. No one forced him to do it.

b. Matthew 26:60-61; 27:40 The Jews accuse and mock Jesus with His own parable.

“The high priests, conspiring with the Jewish Council, tried to cook up charges against Jesus in order to sentence him to death. But even though many stepped up, making up one false accusation after another, nothing was believable.”

Finally two men came forward with this: “He said, ‘I can tear down this Temple of God and after three days rebuild it.’” Matthew 26:59-61 MSG

Their words follow the same pattern used by Satan who said, “IF you are the Son of God…”


My answers to BSF Bible study questions of John Lesson 3 Day 4