John Lesson 3 Day 2

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John Lesson 3 Day 2

John 2:1-12

3. a. The wedding at Cana of Galilee

Jesus traveled two days and arrived at Galilee on the third day. His new disciples journeyed with him. “On the third day” is a pattern throughout the Bible.

On the third day, there was a wedding in Cana.  (Nathaniel was from Cana of Galilee (see John 21:2.) Jesus, His mother, and His new disciples were invited. It must have been the wedding of a family member or very close friend. (“Some of the ancients have thought that this was the marriage of John the evangelist, who is supposed to have been a near relative of our Lord.” Adam Clarke) If so, John is writing about his own wedding.

In those days, Jewish weddings were expected to be the best party of all and usually lasted seven days. During the celebration, the hosts provided adequate hospitality which included an abundance of food and drink. To run out of either was a great embarrassment and dishonor. The couple and their family would live with social disgrace.

Commentator Boice points out that wine was considered a symbol of joy. Therefore “to run out of wine would almost have been the equivalent of admitting that neither the guests nor the bride and groom were happy.” (

“In the ancient Near East there was a strong element of reciprocity about weddings, and that, for example, it was possible to take legal action in certain circumstances against a man who had failed to provide the appropriate wedding gift…it means that when the supply of wine failed more than social embarrassment was involved. The bridegroom as his family may well have become involved in a heavy pecuniary liability.” (Morris –

b. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” John 1:3

Jesus’ mother was concerned about the hosts’ problem. As mentioned earlier, this may have been the wedding of a relative, which could be why Mary felt responsible. She seems to presume that Jesus can and will do something about it.

We don’t know how long it has been since Joseph died, but it seems Jesus stayed at home with Mary to help until his siblings were able to manage on their own. Perhaps Jesus worked miracles such as multiplying food during those years. Mary’s assumption seems to indicate that (to me). But this instance would be a public miracle.

[I did some digging on this passage because the text leaves unanswered questions in my mind.]

Jesus asked Mary, “Woman, what does this have to do with me?” (ESV) He spoke to her using a title of respect (woman/lady) but he did not call her mother. He knew it wasn’t time to demonstrate His power and identity. By calling her Lady, “Jesus indicated that there was a new relationship between him and Mary. If she sought his help now, she must not seek it on the basis of their mother-and-son relationship.'” (Bruce—

I like what Morris writes in his commentary on this, “Jesus in His public ministry was not only or primarily the Son of Mary, but ‘the Son of man’ who was to bring the realities of heaven to men. A new relationship was established. Mary must not presume.” (, Emphasis added)

“Jesus seemed to say to Mary, “I won’t do it. It’s not time” – but then He went on to do it. What He really said to Mary was, “We now have a different relationship. Let me consult My heavenly Father.” Jesus must have prayed and then known what to do, because He later said in this Gospel: · Most assuredly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, but what He sees the Father do; for whatever He does, the Son also does in like manner. (John 5:19) (Guzik—

The next dialogue John records are Mary’s words to the servants, “Do whatever He tells you.” John 2:5 ESV Did Mary already know it was time for Jesus to work a public miracle? Bruce points out, “The recorded words of Mary are few; these particular words have an application beyond the immediate occasion which called them forth.”

That is so true.

c.  Do whatever He tells me.

After Jesus and Mary talked, she told the servants, “do whatever He tells you.” Mary trusted Jesus.

This is why I should take my concerns to Him. He honored Mary’s desire to help the hosts who were likely members of their family.

d. Have faith in Jesus

Mary turned to Jesus in a time of desperation and so can I. Then do whatever he tells me to do.

Jesus is now at the Father’s right hand interceding for me. (Romans 8:34)

4. Jesus revealed

  • Grace: “The first miracle of the Law-giver, Moses, was to turn a rod into a serpent. The first miracle of the grace-giver was to turn water into wine.” Andrew Wommack
  • Jesus honored His mother. (Ephesians 6:2)
  • Miracles glorify Jesus. (See also John 11:4 and John 14:13)
  • Wine is one of the elements of communion representing the blood of Jesus. (Matthew 26:27)
  • The wedding guests were family and friends of Jesus. (Matthew 22:1-14 Parable of the Wedding Feast) (Revelation 19:6-9 Marriage Feast of the Lamb)
  • Jesus created not only real wine, He created the best wine. He does all things well. (Mark 7:37)
  • There was plenty of wine for everyone. (Messianic prophecy Jeremiah 31:12)
  • Jesus honored the covenant of marriage by attending and performing a miracle there. (Hebrews 13:4)

5. Jesus manifested His glory.

a. John 2:11

“This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.

“And the Word (Christ) became flesh (human, incarnate) and tabernacled (fixed His tent of flesh, lived awhile) among us; and we [actually] saw His glory (His honor, His majesty), such glory as an only begotten son receives from his father, full of grace (favor, loving-kindness) and truth.” John 1:14 AMPC

“He [Jesus] is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, Hebrews 1:3 ESV

As the men watched, Jesus’ appearance was transformed so that his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as light.” Matthew 17:2 NLT

Jesus’ beautiful prayer before the crucifixion

“When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him. And this is eternal life, that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. I glorified you on earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do.” John 17:1-4

b. Signs and wonders reveal the glory of God.

There is no doubt Jesus is the divine Son of God.

“4 In their case the god of this world [Satan] has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. 5 For what we proclaim is not ourselves, but Jesus Christ as Lord, with ourselves as your servants for Jesus’ sake. 6 For God, who said, “Let light shine out of darkness,” has shone in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.” 2 Corinthians 4:4-6


My answers to BSF Bible study questions on John Lesson 3 Day 2