John Lesson 28 Day 3

John Lesson 28 Day 2, John Lesson 28 Day 3, John Lesson 28 Day 4, John Lesson 28 Day 5

John Lesson 28 Day 3

John 21:15-17

Jesus lovingly restores Simon Peter

6. They all knew that it was the Lord.

Jesus waited until they all had a chance to eat a hot breakfast and warm themselves by the fire.

Then, Jesus did NOT ask Peter, “Why did you deny me three times?” Nor did he ask, “Are you stronger now?” or “Did you truly repent?”

7. a. Jesus restores Peter

After breakfast, Jesus asked Simon Peter a question.

#1. Jesus asked, “Simon, son of John, do you love Me more than these [others do—with total commitment and devotion]?”

(AMPC) “Before he denied Jesus three times, Peter claimed to love Jesus more that the other disciples did (Matthew 26:33). Jesus wanted to know if Peter still had a proud estimation of his love and devotion to Jesus. (Guzik)”

“There is an air of solemnity about John’s use of the full name, Simon Peter, and then of his reporting Jesus as using the expanded form, Simon son of John.” (Morris)

Jesus knew Peter’s heart, but he asked him for the sake of Peter’s own self-examination. (Guzik)

Jesus asked the question using the word agapas, which in its Biblical usage often speaks of an all-giving, un-caused, unselfish love.

Peter answered Jesus using the word philio, which in Biblical usage sometimes has in mind a more reciprocal love, a friendly affection. Some translations express Peter’s answer as, “I am your friend.” (Guzik) (emphasis added)

Jesus responded, “Feed my lambs.”

#2. Then he repeats the question, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” (Again using the word for unselfish love.)

Peter answers, “Yes, Lord; you know that I love you.”

Jesus said, “Tend my sheep.” He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Jesus is emphasizing that the lambs and the sheep belong to him not Peter.

#3. The third time Jesus asked Peter, “Do you love me?” Jesus uses the word philio, the same word Peter used.

Peter was grieved. He understood the reminder of his three-time denial.

The once-arrogant Peter who boasted, “Even if all fall away on account of you, I never will,” (Matthew 26:33 NIV) is now humbled by his own failure. (Andrew Wommack)

Peter responds, “Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you.” Jesus said to him, “Feed my sheep.” “Peter understood that Jesus knew him better than he knew himself.” Guzik

Jesus instructed Peter to feed His lambs and sheep (John 21:16-17) if he really loved Him. True love will produce service but service does not produce true love.

b. Restored in the presence of the other disciples

This directive to Peter to feed Jesus’ lambs not only was instructional but also provided reassurance. Peter’s three denials had put his relationship with the Lord in doubt in the sight of Peter himself and the others. This commission gave reassurance to everyone, including Peter, that the Lord had forgiven him and reinstated Peter to his place of authority.

“I’m sure Jesus knew that Peter loved Him. But He wanted to hear Peter say it. Likewise, just because the Lord knows that we love Him doesn’t mean He doesn’t want or need us to say it.” Andrew Wommack

When Jesus restored Peter in front of the others, He also instructed him to move forward. In other words, don’t wallow in your failure. You’re forgiven, restored, and commissioned as a servant-leader.

c. Peter was grieved and humbled.

Peter also learned a lot about himself, and about Jesus.

He also got a glimpse of his future calling.

8.  Feed My lambs

Scriptural ways to feed His lambs and sheep.

  • Help a brother or sister in need. 1 John 3:17-18
  • Never oppress the widow or the poor but be generous to the needy. It honors our Maker. Proverbs 14:31
  • Be a father to the fatherless and protect the widows. Psalm 68:5
  • Don’t condemn those in the world. John 3:17
  • Judge righteously and defend the rights of the poor and needy. Proverbs 31:9
  • Feed the hungry, give a drink to the thirsty, welcome strangers, clothe the naked, and visit those who are sick and in prison. Matthew 25:35-40
  • Contribute to the needs of the saints and show hospitality. Romans 12:13
  • Love our neighbors. Mark 12:31
  • Bear one another’s burdens. Galatians 6:2

Jesus said, “Whatever you did to the least of these, so you did to Me.” (See Matthew 25:35-40 Voice)


My answers to BSF Bible study fellowship questions on John Lesson 28 Day 3