John Lesson 25 Day 3

John Lesson 25 Day 2, John Lesson 25 Day 3, John Lesson 25 Day 4. John Lesson 25 Day 5

John Lesson 25 Day 3

John 19:19-24

Jesus receive the reward of Your suffering.

6. The Sign


This was according to Roman custom. The one to be crucified had his crime written out and the title hung around his neck as he carried his cross to the place of death. Then the title was placed at the top of the cross, so all would know the reason for the crucifixion.

“The Romans wanted crucifixion to be a public event. They wanted many to see the wretched victim, read of their crime, and be warned. This also confirms that Jesus was crucified outside the walls of the city (Hebrews 13:12), but close to the city and likely close to an often-used road.” (David Guzik)

Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but, ‘He said, “I am the King of the Jews.”

The religious leaders objected to Pilate’s inscription. They believed it was false and misleading because the sign appeared to declare that Jesus actually was the King of the Jews!

“They also believed it was demeaning because it showed Rome’s power to humiliate and torture even the “King of the Jews.” (David Guzik)

King of Kings and Lord of Lords
“And on His garment (robe) and on His thigh He has a name (title) inscribed, king of kings and lord of lords.” Revelation 19:16 (AMPC)
” The title indicates someone who has the power to exercise absolute dominion over all His realm. In the case of the Lord Jesus, the realm is all of creation.” (Source)

It was written in three languages (Greek, Latin, and Hebrew) so that all could understand.

Pilate apparently wanted this statement about Jesus as public as possible.

  • Greek — for the Grecians who gloried in wisdom. (Trapp)
    Greek and Aramaic were spoken by the vast majority of Jews and Jewish pilgrims who traveled to Jerusalem for holy festivals. They were the common languages used for everyday purposes. (Zerhusen)
    Greek was the common language of the eastern Mediterranean world. (Tenney)
  • Hebrew for the Jews who gloried in the law. (Trapp)
    Hebrew was considered a higher language reserved for special purposes. “It was the language of God, the language of the Torah, the Prophets, and the Psalms, and thus the appropriate language for worship.” (Zerhusen)
  • Latin — for the Romans who most gloried in dominion and power. (Trapp)

The people who traveled to Jerusalem mentioned in Acts 2:5-13.

Since Passover is considered “the single most theologically important holiday in the Jewish calendar,” it seems likely that even more Jews were in Jerusalem when Jesus was crucified.

About Pentecost —”Because of the holy festival, there are devout Jews staying as pilgrims in Jerusalem from every nation under the sun.” Acts 2:5 (Voice) (emphasis added)

The pilgrims present for Pentecost are identified as —

Parthians, Medes, and Elamites;
Visitors from Mesopotamia, Judea, and Cappadocia,
Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia,
Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene;
Immigrants from Rome, both Jews and proselytes;
Even Cretans and Arabs! (Acts 2:9-11)

7. a. Jesus’ clothes

“The soldiers . . . took Jesus’ garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic.” Footnote: Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin.” John 19:23 ESV

Jesus’ wore a seamless tunic like the High Priest (Exodus 28:31-32). He is our High Priest forever (Hebrews 7:24.) The soldiers decided not to tear it into pieces, so they basically played a gambling game at His feet to see who would win it. By doing this, they unknowingly fulfilled the prophecy in Psalm 22:18—”They divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.”

“Men were ordinarily crucified naked (Artemidorus II. 61). Jewish sensitivities, however, dictated that men ought not to be publicly executed completely naked, and men condemned to stoning were permitted a loin-cloth (M. Sanhedrin VI. 3). Whether the Romans were considerate of Jewish feelings in this matter is unknown.” (Lane, commentary on Luke) (accessed source)

b. Stripped of His clothing

Jesus was naked like the first Adam. Genesis 3:7

Despised, rejected, as one from whom men hide their faces. Isaiah 53:2-3

He who knew no sin became sin for us. (2 Corinthians 5:21) Even our righteous deeds are like a garment stained with blood. Isaiah 64:6

Jesus was infinitely rich in heaven, but “He gave it all away for us—in one stroke he became poor and we became rich.” 2 Corinthians 8:9 MSG

c. Prophecy fulfilled

Jesus, the sinless Lamb of God, became the perfect, spotless blood sacrifice for our sin. He clothes anyone who believes in him with garments of salvation and a robe of righteousness.

I will greatly rejoice in the Lord;
my soul shall exult in my God,
for he has clothed me with the garments of salvation;
he has covered me with the robe of righteousness,
as a bridegroom decks himself like a priest with a beautiful headdress,
and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.” Isaiah 61:10 ESV Emphasis added

8. Colossians 2:13-15

The record of the charges against us—the certificate of the massive debt we incurred by the Mosaic law that stood against us—and took it away by nailing it to the cross. In this way, he disarmed the spiritual rulers and authorities. He shamed them publicly by his victory over them on the cross. (Colossians 2:13-15)

Hallelujah! Jesus didn’t die for me, He died as me. How can I adequately thank him?

My answers to BSF Bible study fellowship questions on John Lesson 25 Day 3