John Lesson 24 Day 4

John Lesson 24 Day 2, John Lesson 24 Day 3, John Lesson 24 Day r, John Lesson 24 Day 5

John Lesson 24 Day 4

John 18:39-19:7

10. a. Pilate’s compromise

Pilate didn’t wait for Jesus to answer his rhetorical question. What a missed opportunity! If he only realized that before him stood the only man who could answer that much-debated question.

Pilate could have pardoned Jesus altogether, but he caved into the pressure, even after his wife sent him a warning message saying,

“Distance yourself utterly from the proceedings against this righteous man. I have had a dream about Him, a dream full of twisted sufferings—He is innocent, I know it, and we should have nothing to do with Him.” (Matthew 27:19 Voice)

Pilate’s heart wasn’t completely hardened toward Jesus because he hoped the Jews “would spare Jesus” and tried to persuade them to pardon him. In this way, God extended another opportunity for the Jews to repent.

As a Roman prefect, Pontius Pilate had the authority of a supreme judge…But, perhaps, his main responsibility was to maintain law and order. A rebellion or insurrection among those he governed would certainly make him look bad.

Pilate’s attention remained on the impatient mob of Jews waiting outside for his verdict. Jesus didn’t act like a rebel, he seemed harmless, and he certainly did not look like a king. Pilate needed to maintain peace in his province, so he offered the Jews a compromise—their king—to get himself out of this dilemma.

“Do you want me release to you the the King of the Jews?

Pilate thought that the way he phrased the question would appeal to the Jews, assuming they wanted their own king to live.

b. The Jewish leaders respond

The crowd rejected Pilate’s offer and rejected Jesus. They chose Barabbas instead, crying out, “Not this man, but Barabbas!”

“Matthew 27:20 says that this was not a spontaneous response from the crowd, but one deliberately promoted by the religious leaders: But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for Barabbas and destroy Jesus (also Mark 15:11).” (Source)

Barabbas was accused of at least three crimes: Theft (John 18:40), insurrection (Mark 15:7), and murder (Mark 15:7).

(Ironically, Barabbas means “son of the father” (Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon) The Jews crucified the true Son of the Father.)

Pilate realized that jealousy was behind the Jewish leaders’ hatred. Instead of doing the right thing, he gave into the Jews because, as some believe, he needed them on his side.

“Pilate didn’t want to expose the Pharisees as hypocrites. He needed them and their cooperation to rule in Jerusalem. So he thought that surely they would want Jesus released instead of a common thief. But Pilate misjudged the religious Jews’ hatred of Jesus. And his compromise forced him into a decision he knew was wrong.” (Andrew Wommack)

11. a. Jesus’ suffering

Although Pilate said he found no fault in Jesus at all, he had the soldier brutally punish him. “The blows came from a whip with many leather strands, each having sharp pieces of bone or metal at the ends. It reduced the back to raw flesh.” (Source)

“It literally tore a man’s back into strips. Few remained conscious throughout the ordeal; some died; and many went raving mad.” (Barclay)

The soldiers also “twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. They came up to him saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands.” They made a mockery of Jesus.

b. Pilate nearly had Jesus killed.

“Some pity may have stirred in the crowd, but the priests and their immediate dependents silenced it by their yell of fresh hate at the sight of the prisoner.” (Maclaren)

Trying to pacify the Jewish leaders, he nearly killed Jesus. And when they dressed Jesus up like a king and and mocked him, it further stirred them up.

12. a. The Jews answered John 19:6-7

Pilate brought Jesus out to the Jewish leaders, hoping the scourging and how pitiful Jesus looked would satisfy the crowd. They were blind to the truth and their hearts were so hardened they had no pity for him

John 19:6 They cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” “This was pure hatred, man’s hatred of God.” (Guzik)

John 19:7 “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.”

b. Our response

Jesus is the way, and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through him. (John 14:6)


My answers to BSF Bible study questions on John Lesson 24 Day 4 ~ John 18:39-19:7