John Lesson 24 Day 2

John Lesson 24 Day 2, John Lesson 24 Day 3, John Lesson 24 Day r, John Lesson 24 Day 5

John Lesson 24 Day 2

John 18:28-32

Jesus brought before Pilate

“Now Caiaphas is high priest at this time. The sacred office he occupies has been corrupted for more than a century by Jewish collaboration with Greeks and Romans. Reformers are few, and they have been unable to cleanse the high office from its pollutants. Because of this, many Jews have stopped coming to the temple. How can God’s holy habitation on earth be pure if its primary representative is coddling the enemies of Israel? Caiaphas knows he needs friends in high places to put an end to Jesus, so he turns to Pilate, the Roman governor. It is Pilate’s job to look out for Roman interests in Judea. He is an irritable man, unnecessarily cruel and intentionally provocative. Many Jews will die on his watch. For Pilate, Jesus is just one more.” (Note in Voice translation)

3. a. At the governors’ headquarters early morning

The governors’ headquarters were likely at the Roman Fortress Antonia, where Pilate held court and conducted public business. (

Pilate was a Gentile, Roman chief of the province. The Jews thought contact with Gentiles would make them ceremonially unclean.

The first day of Passover was a holy convocation, or a special Sabbath. (See John 2:13) They did not want to be disqualified from eating the Passover.

b. Avoiding uncleanness

“John used an ironic touch to expose the hypocrisy of the Jewish rulers. They refused to break relatively small commands regarding ceremonial defilement, but broke much greater commands in rejecting God’s Messiah and condemning an innocent Man to death.” Guzik

“Peter made mention of this oral tradition when he went to Cornelius’ house (Acts 10:28). However, there are no Old Testament scriptures that expressly back up that tradition.

4. a. Jewish leaders encounter Pilate

Pilate demands that they tell him their accusation. The Jews evade the question by saying, ““If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered him over to you.” (John 18:30)

The governor responds, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.”

The Jews say that they already convicted Jesus and just need Pilate to execute him because they aren’t allowed to do that.

“Josephus tells us, that it was lawful to hold a court of judgment in capital cases, without the consent of the Procurator.” (Alford) (emphasis added)

b. Scripture fulfilled

The Jews executed law breakers by stoning, not by Roman death of crucifixion. So if they had killed Jesus by stoning, scripture would not have been fulfilled.

“The religious leaders may have, in part, pressed for crucifixion to bring the curse of Deuteronomy 21:22-23 upon Jesus. He did bear that curse, to redeem us from the curse of the law (Galatians 3:13).” (Guzik)

John 3:14

Jesus talking to Nicodemus said, “as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the son of Man be lifted up.” (emphasis added)

Moses lifted up a brass snake on a pole which represented the people’s sin and disease. “All humanity has been bitten by the “snake of sin,” but Jesus was raised up on a cross for all people to see. We only need to look to him and believe and we are healed and saved from sin.” (TPT footnote)

John 8:28

Jesus said, “You will know me as the ‘I AM’ after you have lifted me up from the earth as the Son of Man. Then you will realize that I do nothing on my own initiative, but I only speak the truth that the Father has revealed to me.” (TPT)

Lifting up in this verse has the dual meaning of exalting and honoring Jesus and crucifying him on a cross as a sacrifice for our sin.

John 12:32-33

“And I, if and when I am lifted up from the earth [on the cross], will draw and attract all men [Gentiles as well as Jews] to Myself.”

“He said this to signify in what manner He would die.” (AMPC) Emphasis added

5. Stands out to me

“Whatever [the Jewish leaders’] reasoning, this is a classic example of straining at a gnat and swallowing a camel (Matthew 23:24). They were so careful to avoid ceremonial uncleanness, but they were in the very process of the greatest defilement of all time by condemning the sinless Son of God.”  (Andrew Wommack)

6. a. Pride

The noun form of pride originally meant “inordinate self-esteem” and “an unreasonable conceit of superiority.” In early use pride was also often found in capitalized form, referring to one of the seven deadly sins.” (source)

In the 14th century, the connotation could also refer to a “reasonable form of self respect.” Today the word can easily switch between a positive and negative connotation.

Jesus condemns the Pharisees and the teachers of the law of Moses in Mark 12:38-40 and other verses.

He said, “obey what they teach you, but don’t do as they do. After all, they say one thing and do something else.”

People behave like Pharisees when they want to be respected and looked up to, but they do not live up to what they say they believe or expect from others.

b. The cure

Proverbs 28:13

Confess and turn away from sin to receive mercy.

John 3:20

Evil doers need to stop hiding their sin, confess it, and don’t go back to it.

1 John 1:9

If we [freely] admit that we have sinned and confess our sins, [God] is faithful and just (true to His own nature and promises) and will forgive our sins [dismiss our lawlessness] and [continuously] cleanse us from all unrighteousness [everything not in conformity to His will in purpose, thought, and action]. (AMPC)

My answers to BSF Bible study questions on John Lesson 24 Day 2 ~ John 18:28-32