John Lesson 2 Day 3

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John Lesson 2 Day 3

John 1:29-34

6. John the Baptist,

“Behold! the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!”

According to Alford’s commentary quoted on EnduringWord.com, “Since then verse 29 must be understood as happening after the baptism, it must have happened after the Temptation also. And in this supposition there is not the slightest difficulty.”

a. Jesus, the sacrificial lamb. Leviticus 4:32-35; 5:5-6

“John used the image of the sacrificial lamb. represented many times in the old Testament. Jesus is the perfect fulfillment of every time that image is displayed.” EnduringWord.com.

Without blemish: Sin entered the world through one man, Adam (Romans 5:12). Jesus is born with the DNA of God as his father, not the seed of a human man. He lived a sinless life, so he is a perfect, pure, and spotless.

Blood of the lamb poured out at the altar of burnt offering: “Jesus bears sin, but in the sense of bearing them upon Himself and taking them away. “The verb ‘taketh away’ conveys the notion of bearing off.” (Morris)

In Leviticus, the sin or guilt offering is to atone for the guilt of one person for one sin. Jesus has the capacity to atone for all sin of humanity in the entire world.

b. Worthy is the Lamb

Isaiah 53:7 prophesied the Messiah as a lamb led to the slaughter, to show his patience in his sufferings, and readiness to die for man.

“A lamb, among the Jews, was also an emblem of patience, meekness, and gentleness. On all these accounts, rather than on any one of them alone, Jesus was called the Lamb.” (Barnes)

The law instructed the priest to examine the sacrificial lamb and not the person who brought the sacrifice. Only the lamb had to be without blemish.

  • Jesus was the perfectly sinless lamb. (1 Peter 2:23-25)
  • Jesus was a sacrifice for sin—the substance represented by the daily offering of the lamb, and slain at the usual time of the evening sacrifice (Luke 23:44-46) (Barnes)
  • Jesus was the Passover Lamb for everyone, not only the Jews. (John 3:16)
  • Jesus is the only resurrected, eternal Passover Lamb.

1 Peter 1:18-20; 1 Peter 2:24

Thank God for the “precious” blood of Christ…the “sprinkled” blood of Christ…the blood of “the new covenant”…the blood of “the eternal covenant” (1 Pet. 1:19; Heb. 12:24; Luke 22:20; Heb. 13:20).

“The life is in the blood” (Lev. 17:11). (Frank Viola)

7. Jesus is the Son of God.

“The one God-ordained, God-gifted sacrificial offering.” (Jamieson-Fausset-Brown )

God had given John the Baptist a specific sign that would identify the Messiah. When the heavens opened and he saw the Holy Spirit descend and alight on Jesus like a dove, the sign and the voice confirmed that Jesus was the Son of God.

“In naming Him ‘The Son of God,’ the Baptist speaks with unclouded vision: he means nothing less than the full Christian doctrine that the Man Jesus is also the eternal Son of the eternal Father, co-equal, co-eternal.” (Trench) via EnduringWord.com

8. Water baptism

Strong’s definition of the Greek word translated as baptism or baptized:

—from a derivative of (bapto); to make whelmed (i.e. fully wet); used only (in the N.T.) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technical) of the ordinance of Christian baptism :- baptist, baptize, wash.

John the Baptist’s baptism

There was a sort of baptism under the Old Covenant. It usually had to do with ritual uncleanness or preparation for entering the tent of meeting or temple. The scriptural instruction just said “wash” but the Jewish leaders liked to make the instructions more specific.

Everywhere that the bathing of one’s flesh or the washing of one’s garments from uncleannesses is stated in the Torah, it is nothing but the immersion of the entire body in a mikve. (Mishneh Torah, Moshe ben Maimon)

Accordingly, immersion (“baptism”) or טְבִילָה was required for lepers, people and objects that contacted seminal fluid (e.g., during sexual intercourse or from a nocturnal emission), the niddaor menstruant, and so and so on. It is regarding all these baptisms or immersions that the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews wrote, concerned only with foods and drinks and various baptisms, and carnal ordinances imposed until the time of reformation. (See Hebrews 6:2)

From the topical thread on Was Baptism Practiced before Christ.

For years before Christ, the Jews had used baptism in ritual cleansing ceremonies of Gentile proselytes. John the Baptist took baptism and applied it to the Jews themselves—it wasn’t just the Gentiles who needed cleansing. Many believed John’s message and were baptized by him (Matthew 3:5–6).

Acts 19:4—A baptism of repentance to prepare the people for the coming of the Messiah.

Paul explains the analogy of Christ’s baptism—

1 Corinthians 10:2—And all [of them] were baptized into Moses [into his safe keeping as their leader] in the cloud and in the sea; (AMP)

Like Israel, Jesus went through the Red Sea, came up on the other side, was baptized by the Holy Spirit, and then entered the wilderness for forty days. There He encountered an enemy, the devil, and rather than being intimidated, He stood in His identity and His relationship with God, resisted the devil , and walked out of the wilderness as the victor.

By contrast, the Israelites walked forty days in the wilderness, became intimidated, doubted God, pulled away from God, and gave a bad report. As a result, they had to spend forty years in the wilderness. Very often Jesus’ actions in the Gospels fulfilled or mimicked a shadow from the Old Testament that actually pointed to Himself. (Jonathan Welton)

John 7:38-39—”These rivers of living water are referring to the Holy Spirit and the effects He produces in the lives of believers. Galatians 5:22-23 says that “the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, temperance.” These qualities should flow out of us as an artesian well. They should not have to be pumped. They will flow as we conform our thinking to God’s Word (Proverbs 23:7; Isaiah 26:3; Romans 8:6, and 12:2).” Andrew Wommack

Acts 2:38—“Repent [change your old way of thinking, turn from your sinful ways, accept and follow Jesus as the Messiah] and be baptized, each of you, in the name of Jesus Christ because of the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” (AMP)

The New Covenant Baptism is a symbol of our new birth into right-standing and relationship with Jesus. The baptism of the Holy Spirit brings the abiding presence of God.

1 Corinthians 12:13—”For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.” (ESV)

b. John’s baptism / Jesus’ baptism

John’s baptism represented cleansing from sin.

The New Covenant Baptism is a symbol of our new birth into right-standing and relationship with Jesus.


My answers to BSF study questions for John Lesson 2 Day 3