John Lesson 15 Day 5

John Lesson 15 Day 2, John Lesson 15 Day 3, John Lesson 15 Day 4, John Lesson 15 Day 5

John Lesson 15 Day 5

John 11:45-57

12. Miracles don’t make us believe.

Many believed in Jesus because of the miracle they saw with their own eyes. They came to grieve with Mary and Martha, and did not expect their sorrow would turn to joy.

“But some of them went back to the Pharisees and told them what Jesus had done.” (John 11:46 AMPC)

Spurgeon called the reporting of this to the Pharisees, “some of the meanest conduct that has ever been recorded in human history.” (EnduringWord.com)

“Miracles only push those who are on the fence over to the side of believing. But those who have hardened their hearts to God will not believe even if they see someone raised from the dead. “And he said unto him, If they hear not Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded, though one rose from the dead” (Luke 16:31). Andrew Wommack

13. a. The Pharisees freak out.

They gathered an unofficial council. “It was a meeting of the Sanhedrin. John’s authority for the account of what passed here would be Joseph of Arimathaea or Nicodemus or some other member of the Sanhedrin who later became a Christian.” (Trench)

“If we let Him go on like this, everyone will believe in Him.”

“. . .the Romans will come and suppress and destroy and take away our [holy] place and our nation [our temple and city and our civil organization].” (AMPC) Emphasis added

The temple had become an idol to the religious leaders who considered it “our place.”

b. The Pharisees’ real problem

Hardened hearts and religious spirit / desire to control

“What do we do now?” they asked. “This man keeps on doing things, creating God-signs. If we let him go on, pretty soon everyone will be believing in him and the Romans will come and remove what little power and privilege we still have.”

“If we permit him to work but a few more miracles like these two last (the cure of the blind man, and the resurrection of Lazarus) he will be universally acknowledged for the Messiah; the people will proclaim him king; and the Romans, who can suffer no government here but their own, will be so irritated that they will send their armies against us, and destroy our temple, and utterly dissolve our civil and ecclesiastical existence. Thus, under the pretense of the public good, these men of blood hide their hatred against Christ, and resolve to put him to death. To get the people on their side, they must give the alarm of destruction to the nation: if this man be permitted to live, we shall be all destroyed! Their former weapons will not now avail. On the subject of keeping the Sabbath, they had been already confounded; and his last miracles were so incontestable that they could no longer cry out, He is a deceiver.”  Adam Clarke

Caiaphas the High Priest had the most to lose. He lived in a magnificent palace.

Caiaphas served as high priest during the eleven years Pontius Pilate was Procurator for the Roman government. The words “that year” just means Caiaphas was serving “that (remarkable) year.” (Alford)

“. . . Josephus . . . records [Caiaphas] was made high priest by the Roman procurator Valerius Gratus after Simon ben Camithus had been deposed. Wikipedia

Power, position, authority, wealth

“It is questionable whether Caiaphas was appointed high priest because of his own merit. Annas, his father-in-law, served as high priest before him and got five of his relatives appointed to that office. In John 18:13, we see Annas playing a major part in Jesus’ trial, an indication he may have advised or controlled Caiaphas, even after Annas was deposed. Three high priests were appointed and quickly removed by the Roman governor Valerius Gratus before Caiaphas, suggesting that he was a shrewd collaborator with the Romans.

“As a member of the Sadducees, Caiaphas did not believe in the resurrection. It must have been a shock to him when Jesus raised Lazarus from the dead. He preferred to destroy this challenge to his beliefs instead of supporting it.

“Since Caiaphas was in charge of the temple, he was aware of the money changers and animal sellers who were driven out by Jesus (John 2:14-16). Caiaphas may have received a fee or bribe from these vendors.

“According to the Scriptures, Caiaphas was not interested in the truth. His trial of Jesus violated Jewish law and was rigged to produce a guilty verdict. Perhaps he saw Jesus as a menace to Roman order, but he also may have seen this new message as a threat to his family’s rich way of life.” (Zavada, Jack. “Meet Caiaphas: High Priest of the Jerusalem Temple.” Learn Religions, Apr. 5, 2023, learnreligions.com/caiaphas-high-priest-of-the-jerusalem-temple-701058. )

Caiaphas was not a legitimate high priest from the Zadok priesthood lineage. Some sources believe his family paid Rome for this position and therefore owed allegiance to Rome. By doing so, he profaned his role as high priest and the temple itself.

John the Baptizer refused to preach there, preferring the wilderness. Some say he was the legitimate high priest (his father was a priest) and Jesus was second in line. When John, Jesus’ cousin was beheaded, Jesus became the legitimate high priest and king. Fascinating.

“Since there was no king during the first century A.D., both religious and political power rested in the high priest. He was the mediator between the Jewish people and their dealings with Rome.”  Andrew Wommack

14. John 11:49-51

Despite Caiaphas’ lack of integrity, he “gave an unconscious and involuntary prophecy. John was careful to give the credit to the office, not to the man (being high priest that year he prophesied). (EnduringWord.com)

 “49 But one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said to them, “You know nothing at all. 50 Nor do you understand that it is better for you that one man should die for the people, not that the whole nation should perish.”

“51 He did not say this of his own accord, but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the nation, 52 and not for the nation only, but also to gather into one the children of God who are scattered abroad.” ESV

John 3:16

“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life.” (ESV)

That’s exactly what Jesus did. He died so all nations could live.

Revelation 15:4

Who will not fear you, Lord,
    and bring glory to your name?
For you alone are holy.
All nations will come
    and worship before you,
for your righteous acts have been revealed.” (NIV)

God’s plan comes together. Even Satan had no idea.

Genesis 50:20

Joseph said to his brothers who thought they had killed him, “As for you, you meant evil against me, but God meant it for good, to bring it about that many people should be kept alive, as they are today.” (ESV)

Prayer

Pray that I will live and move and have my being by faith in him and his power.

I pray that God will show me the areas where my heart remains hardened toward him.


My answers to BSF study questions on John Lesson 15 Day 5 ~ John 11:45-57