John Lesson 14 Day 4
The Shepherd knows His Sheep.
During the Feast of Dedication in wintertime, also called Hanukkah, Jesus walked in the temple, in Solomon’s porch.
9. a. “The Jews demanded, ‘Are you really the Messiah?'” John 10:24
Here they go again. They surrounded Jesus and asked a question that Jesus already answered. It appears Jesus was not teaching when this confrontation occurred.
“This is exactly what Jesus told them in John 10:1-9, but they didn’t understand (John 10:6).” AWLC
One translation reads, “How much longer will you keep us in suspense?” TPT
b. Jesus’ response to the Jews’ hostile question.
He answers, “I told you, and you do not believe. The works that I do in my Father’s name bear witness about me, but you do not believe because you are not among my sheep.” John 10:25-26 ESV
They accused Jesus of keeping them in doubt. He avoided using the word messiah because it had “political and even military implications that Jesus wished to avoid.” Guzik
He called Himself the Messiah when He spoke to people outside the Jewish community, like the Samaritan woman in John 4:1-26.
Enduring Word Commentary lists sixteen times in the Gospel of John (prior to this incident) when Jesus told them that He is the one who came from heaven, the unique Son of God, the judge of all humanity, and other statements of His divinity. Jesus was clear about who He was, but “the religious leaders had hearts of unbelief that they wanted to blame on Jesus.”
10. a. Jesus describes the benefits and blessings that come to His sheep. John 10:27-28
His sheep receive real and eternal life.
His sheep will never perish (be destroyed or be punished in hell) because they hear his voice and obediently follow him.
“Physical life may be destroyed, but those who are united by faith to the Son of God, those who belong to the flock of the true Shepherd, can never lose real life, for he keeps it secure.” (Bruce)
No one will snatch us out of His Father’s hand.
b. Comfort Encouragement
I received salvation when I was five. I don’t know how people cope with and navigate life’s challenges without Jesus. He is my source of direction, wisdom, companionship, comfort, hope, and so much more.
c. Words of wisdom for others
Jesus is wiser than anyone we know, and He promised to never leave us. He also promised to send the Comforter, and He did.
In Him we receive eternal life.
11. a. John 10:30
Jesus states, “I and the Father are one.”
“One in essence primarily, but therefore also one in working, and POWER, and in will.” (Alford)
His Opponents respond.
“Then the Jews took up stones again to stone Him.” John 10:31 NKJV
According to the Greek, Jesus’ Jewish opponents “went and fetched stones to fling at him.” (Barclay).
Leviticus 24:16 prescribes this punishment for blasphemy.
The religious leaders considered Jesus’ statement to be blasphemy which proves that Jesus spoke of more than a unity of purpose and will.
“If they cannot answer holy arguments with fair reasonings, they can give hard answers with stones. If you cannot destroy the reasoning, you may, perhaps, destroy the reasoner.” (Spurgeon)
b. Importance today
“The Jews of Jesus’ day clearly understood what the Jehovah’s Witnesses and others seem to miss – that Jesus clearly claimed to be God.” (Guzik)
Jesus was not “making Himself God” (John 10:33). The many signs and wonders He performed and His profound teaching confirm He is the I AM, the Messiah, the Son of God.
My answers to BSF study questions on John Lesson 14 Day 4 John 10:22-33