Matthew Lesson 13 Day 2

Matthew Lesson 13 Day 2,Matthew Lesson 13 Day 3,Matthew Lesson 13 Day 5, Matthew Lesson 13 Day 4

Matthew Lesson 13 Day 2

Matthew 13:1-9, 18-23

3 a) Parable

A parable is a fictitious story used by rabbis and other teachers to illustrate an important lesson. Parables featured people whereas allegories usually feature animals, nature, etc.

A parable usually teaches one main point or principle; “an allegory is a story in which every possible detail has an inner meaning, but an allegory has to be read and studied; a parable is heard. We must be very careful not to make allegories of the parables.” (Barclay) (1)

Strong’s references 30 different Greek words translated as parables in the New Testament. Other definitions for the various words are comparison, allegory, poetic discourse, proverb, and metaphor.

I came across this while working on Day 3. Luke’s gospel is written in a seemingly more chronological manner, so it may be that Jesus began to use parables once He had chosen a group of disciples to train. Since the multitudes were proving to be poor soil, He spoke to them in parables and explained their meaning to those who pressed in for understanding. Also, in Matthew 13:10, the disciples asked Jesus why He was speaking in parables.

4. The first parable

Sower: Someone who spreads the seed.

Seed: the message about the kingdom of God.

Soil along the path: The pathway is hardpacked soil. The seed just sits on the surface so it gets walked on and birds can easily eat it.

Birds that snatch the seed: The evil one snatches the seed from their hearts.

Rocky and shallow soil: a person who hears the word and accepts it with joy, but the root is shallow which causes it to wither quickly.

Soil full of thorny weeds: a person who hears the word but the worries, love of riches, and pleasure choke out the word so that it does not bear fruit. Enduring Word Commentary says this was fertile soil. “Perhaps too fertile, because it

Good soil: “someone who hears the word and understands it. This is the one who produces a crop, yielding a hundred, sixty, or thirty times what was sown.”

Additional phrases included in the Luke passage are shown in bold:

“A farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path; it was trampled on, and the birds ate it up. Some fell on rocky ground, and when it came up, the plants withered because they had no moisture. Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up with it and choked the plants. Still other seed fell on good soil. It came up and yielded a crop, a hundred times more than was sown.”

When he said this, he called out, “Whoever has ears to hear, let them hear.”

His disciples asked him what this parable meant. 10 He said, “The knowledge of the secrets of the kingdom of God has been given to you, but to others I speak in parables, so that,

“‘though seeing, they may not see;
though hearing, they may not understand.’

11 “This is the meaning of the parable: The seed is the word of God. 12 Those along the path are the ones who hear, and then the devil comes and takes away the word from their hearts, so that they may not believe and be saved. 13 Those on the rocky ground are the ones who receive the word with joy when they hear it, but they have no root. They believe for a while, but in the time of testing, they fall away. 14 The seed that fell among thorns stands for those who hear, but as they go on their way they are choked by life’s worries, riches, and pleasures, and they do not mature. 15 But the seed on good soil stands for those with a noble and good heart, who hear the word, retain it, and by persevering produce a crop.

5a)  A follower/believer/disciple of Jesus Christ

The seed that fell in Good Soil took root, grew and produced a good crop.

30/60/100 is interesting mathematically and an important spiritual principle.

b.  The same sower and the same seed

The seed fell on different types of soil, so the type of soil determined whether the seed took root, grew, and produced a harvest.

  • Hardened—a person who hears but does not understand
  • Rocky and shallow soil—a person who hears the word and accepts it with joy but the root is shallow caused it to wither quickly
  • Soil full of thorny weeds—a person who hears the word but the worries, love of riches and pleasure choke out the word so that it does not bear fruit
  • Good soil—fertile and without weeds. “someone who hears the word and understands it. This is the one who produces a crop, yielding a hundred, sixty or thirty times what was sown.”

c. What I learned from this parable.

  • John 14:15 — Show our love by obeying His commands.
  • John 15:5 —Remain in an intimate and organic relationship with Jesus.
  • Acts 5:29 — Obey God rather than men.
  • Philippians 2:12–13 — Keep up your responsive obedience. Redouble your efforts. Be reverent and sensitive before God. Remember that God Himself is willing and working deep within you.

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1 used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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