Abram meets Melchizedek
14. King of Salem and King of Sodom
Melchizedek, king of Salem and priest of God Most High, greeted Abram with bread and wine. He spoke a blessing over Abram saying, “Blessed be Abram of God Most High, possessor of heaven and earth. Blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand.” Genesis 14:19-20
Abram accepted the bread and wine and gave Melchizedek a tenth of the recovered goods. (Not a tenth of his income and although he had a right to keep the goods based on current customs, it was plunder.)
“The king of Sodom [also] went out to meet [Abram] after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him” (v. 17) and demanded ‘Give me the people, and take the goods for yourself.'”
Abram refused to keep any of the spoils for himself because he promised Yahweh, God Most High, that he would take nothing that belonged to Sodom so the king could not say, “I made Abram rich.”
Abram allowed the three Amorite men who accompanied him to keep their portion of the goods.
15. Melchizedek means king of righteousness
Salem later became Jerusalem.
Jerusalem—the place the people would go to learn God’s ways and walk in his paths. Yahweh’s words and teachings will go out from Jerusalem. (Isaiah 2:3)
Prophecy of Christ’s birth—
The government will be on his shoulders. His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and of peace there shall be no end, on David’s throne, and on his kingdom, to establish it, and to uphold it with justice and with righteousness from that time on, even forever. The zeal of Yahweh of Armies will perform this. Isaiah 9:6-7
Yahweh has sworn, and will not change his mind:
“You are a priest forever in the order of Melchizedek.”
Jesus is our priest forever, but not after the Aaronic priesthood created by the Law, but after the order of Melchizedek.
Hebrews 2:17-18;4:14-5:10; 6:18-7:28
Hebrews 7:3 says he was without father or mother or beginning or end of days. That has led many scholars to think Melchizedek was a pre-[Bethlehem] manifestation of Christ. It’s also possible that the writer of Hebrews was just using the fact that these verses don’t give any genealogy of Melchizedek as an allegory to symbolize Christ.
It is unusual that a king of a pagan city and culture would be the priest of the Most High God. This wasn’t that far removed from Noah’s day. So, this could have been someone who went through the Flood or was only one generation removed.2
[Some] have suggested he was Shem, Noah’s son, or Job, or an angel.1
Jesus became the collateral of a better covenant. Because he lives forever, his priesthood is unchangeable. Therefore, he is also able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, seeing that he lives forever to make intercession for them. Hebrews 7:22,24-25 (emphasis added)
For such a high priest was fitting for us: holy, guiltless, undefiled, separated from sinners, and made higher than the heavens; who doesn’t need, like those high priests, to offer up sacrifices daily, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of the people. For he did this once for all, when he offered up himself. For the law appoints men as high priests who have weakness, but the word of the oath which came after the law appoints a Son forever who has been perfected. Hebrews 7:26-28
16. a. Melchizedek worshiped the true God.
God Most High
El Elyon (Hebrew) means Highest God. It’s like saying Supreme Being.1
Melchizedek either saw Abram prophetically through revelation from God or he knew because he was pre-incarnate Christ.
Bread and wine are symbolic of Passover which symbolized Communion and Jesus Christ our redeeming sacrifice.
He blessed Abram, and he blessed God. A priest is a mediator between man and God, so he ministers to both God and man.
Think about this. According to Hebrews 7, Melchizedek was greater than Abram, yet God chose Abram to be the blessed man on the earth through whom He would bless all nations of the earth. God doesn’t call the qualified; He qualifies the called. That is to say, He doesn’t look for the brightest and best but calls people by grace. See 1 Corinthians 1:26-29.
Melchizedek was unique in that he was a king and a priest. In the Aaronic priesthood, God strictly forbid it.
History shows that it is often dangerous to combine religious and civic authority. God forbade the kings of Israel to be priests and the priests to be kings. In 2 Chronicles 26:16-23, King Uzziah tried to do the work of a priest, and God struck him with leprosy. Melchizedek was an exception.1
b. Friends who blessed me during a hard season.
They treated me like an honored guest and said the most encouraging and loving things.
Abba, thank you for sending Paul and Cheryl. I ask you to bless them as only you can. How I long to see them again.
17. Opportunities to trust God
I’m thankful you called me by grace. Many are brighter, stronger, more articulate, and better qualified. I need you, oh how desperately I need you. I’m so thankful you will never leave me nor forsake me. My prayer is that my name will in some way bring honor to the Lamb.
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Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture taken from public domain WEB translation.
My answers, research, and notes for BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Genesis Lesson 9 day 5 ,
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