Genesis Lesson 22 Day 2
Jacob chose to settle near a pagan city instead of going on to Bethel.
The defiling of Jacob’s daughter Dinah
3) Jacob’s sons’ initial response
If Dinah had any sisters, they aren’t mentioned. She chose to seek out female friends among the women of the land, unsupervised.
Shechem, a local prince saw her, seized her, lay with her and humiliated her.
i. “Unattached young women were considered fair game in cities of the time, in which promiscuity was not only common but, in fact, a part of the very religious system itself.” (Morris)1
ii. “This occurrence serves to illustrate the low standard of morals prevalent among the Canaanites. Any unattended female could be raped, and in the transactions that ensue neither father nor son feel the need of apologizing for or excusing what had been committed.” (Leupold)1
Somehow Jacob heard about it. It wasn’t from Dinah because it seems Schechem had not allowed her to go home (Genesis 34:26). (Or did she choose to stay?)
Jacob “held his peace” until his sons got home. They were indignant and very angry. Guzik says “this section gives the impression that Jacob’s sons were far more offended and outraged than their father Jacob was.”
Jacob’s refusal to do what is right in regard to his family will encourage two of his sons to do something, something terrible in response. When God-appointed heads do not take appropriate leadership, it creates a void, which is often filled sinfully.1
4a) Hamor and Shechem attempt to arrange a marriage.
Hamor’s father was prince of the land. Hamor was determined to have Dinah as his wife. He told his father, “Get me this girl for my wife.” (Genesis 34:4)
And Schechem said to Jacob and Dinah’s brothers, “Name your bride price,” and “I will give whatever you say to me. . . .Only give me the young woman to be my wife.” (Genesis 34:12)
‘The land is open to you.’ He invited them to settle there, acquire property, and intermarry with them. (Genesis 34:10)
Dwell with us and become one people. (Genesis 34:22)
Hamor and Shechem probably thought themselves generous. But their manner of negotiating the arrangement of the marriage insulted Dinah and her family even more with a “just-name-your-price” attitude. They acted as if money and marriage could make her disgrace go away.1
b) Hamor’s invitation went against the Abrahamic commands and covenant with God.
Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob loved their chosen wives and gave gifts or worked to earn the right to marry them rather than just taking them. Jacob waited for seven years and a week to marry Rachel.
Abraham made his servant swear not to let Isaac marry a Canaanite but get a wife from his relatives. (Genesis 24:1-4)
Isaac instructed Jacob in the same way, not to marry a Canaanite woman but to marry one of Laban’s daughters. (Genesis 28:1-4)
In Moses’ final address to Israel before they prepared to cross into the Promised Land, he strictly warns them not to make covenants with the people, not to intermarry because in doing so they would cause their sons to turn away from following Yahweh and serve their gods. (Deuteronomy 7:3-4)
Likewise, Paul warns believers not to marry or form partnerships with pagan unbelievers. We must separate ourselves from them. (2 Corinthians 6:14-18)
Dinah’s honor and the family heritage
Arranging a marriage to Hamor would force Dinah to spend her life in a pagan, Canaanite community with a man who raped and humiliated her driven by a lustful impulse.
Their children would be like Esau’s children.
Hamor might lose interest in her and become abusive since he really doesn’t know her or her culture.
5a) Evils that disturb me
- Persecution and murder of Christians.
Christians are . . . heavily persecuted in [the 10/40 window]— an estimated 100,000-160,000 are martyred each year, more than any other time in history. . .Despite the threat of persecution and death, a tsunami of the Holy Spirit is heading for the Muslim world.6
- Those who terminate pregnancies (babies) for a living, then send the “fetal cells” to be used in lab experiments.
One of the practices of the cult that worshiped Moloch was to sacrifice their children. Of course, this was forbidden by God’s word: Lev. 18:21 says, “Neither shall you give any of your offspring to offer them to Moloch, nor shall you profane the name of your God; I am the Lord.” (See also Lev. 18:21; 20:2-5; 2 Kings. 23:10; Jer. 32:35). link
And you took your sons and your daughters, whom you had borne to me, and these you sacrificed to them to be devoured. Were your whorings so small a matter that you slaughtered my children and delivered them up as an offering by fire to them? (Ezekiel 16:20-21)
- Those who practice and encourage perversions of every kind through media and even in classrooms plus tolerate abusive perversions among the rich and powerful.
Thankfully for all of us the Bible is true when it says, “If we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.” (1 John 1:9)
And “There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.” (Romans 8:1)
b) My response
I vote according to a candidates’ support of Biblical truths and send letters in support of bills that favor the sanctity of life especially The Heartbeat Bill.
Dinah’s behavior reminds me why I pray earnestly for my grandchildren.
As a teenager, I thought my parents were too strict. Now, I understand and appreciate their efforts. The world gives us even more to be concerned about today.
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1 EnduringWord.com used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Pentecost to the Present Book Three: Worldwide Revivals and Renewal by Jeff Oliver, copyright © 2017 by Bridge-Logos
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