Genesis Lesson 10 Day 5

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Genesis 16:7-16

Hagar encounters the angel of the Lord.

The angel of the Lord found Hagar by a spring of water in the wilderness.

14. Hagar finds herself alone in the wilderness.

Her status changed when she became Abram’s secondary wife. So many emotions swirling around with this sudden change in her relationship with Sarai and Abram and pregnancy hormones.

Because she conceived right away, she likely felt superior to Sarai and deserving of honor. She despised Sarai and wasn’t content to be her servant.

Sarai didn’t expect this change in her servant’s attitude and their relationship. Sarai may have felt jealous of the younger woman, realizing that Hagar now shared a bond with Abram that had been hers alone.

Previously, Sarai viewed Hagar as far less than her equal. Bearing a child for her was just another act of service. Now Sarai realizes Hagar considers this baby her own child and herself as one of Abram’s wives.

Sarai dealt harshly with Hagar, so she ran away. 

Sarai’s cruelty collided with Hagar’s pride, and all Hagar could think to do was to run. Even with nowhere to go, she fled from her presence—probably headed back to Egypt, her original home.1

Now alone in the wilderness, tired and afraid, she came face to face with the second half of her journey. This spring might be the last water for many miles. And how would she support herself and a baby? Her only plan was to flee from an intolerable, humiliating situation. Beyond that, she had no plan.

15. a. The angel of the Lord made promises to Hagar.

Hagar is blessed with a face to face encounter with none other than the angel of the Lord. 

He asks her where she came from and where she is going.

Hagar answers, “I am fleeing from the face of my mistress, Sarai.”

The angel of the Lord responds, “Return to your mistress, and submit to her authority. . . I will give you more descendants than you can count.”4

  • You are now with child.
  • You will have a son.
  • You shall call him Ishmael (which means God hears4) because Yahweh has heard your affliction.
  • You will have many descendants.

The other promises about Ishmael’s personality aren’t as favorable. “His hand will be against every man, and every man’s hand against him. He will live opposed to all of his brothers.”

The good news is, God promised to remember and bless her descendants. Today, many are receiving Jesus through visions, broadcasts, and other ways. 

The God who sees me

The angel of the Lord is likely the Lord Jesus himself. In Genesis 16:10 He says, “I will so increase your descendants…” rather than God will or He will.
In Isaiah 63:9, He is called, “the angel of His presence” and it is said, “He redeemed them…”

He also refers to Father God saying, “Yahweh has heard your affliction,” so he’s someone else.

He knew she was pregnant and prophesied his name and what he will be like.

She called Him, “The God who sees me.” Hagar expressed surprise that she lived after seeing him.

This encounter became famous because everyone called this well between Kadesh and Bered Beer Lahai Roi (which means “well of the Living One who sees me”)4

b. Lessons

God is merciful and even redeems our sins and mistakes.

He is faithful. His promise about Abram’s descendents didn’t end when he lost faith in God, but extended the promise of countless descendents to Hagar’s son.

16. God never gave up on me.

Through Abram, David, Paul, and many others in scripture, we learn God is faithful, keeps his promises, and forgives us. 

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2 AWM Living Commentary

3 Spirit Filled Life Bible*

4 New Living Bible Translation*

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Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture taken from public domain WEB translation.

My answers, research, and notes for BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Genesis Lesson 10 day 5.

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