Matthew Lesson 5 Day 2

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Matthew Lesson 5 Day 2

Matthew 5:1-12 • The Beatitudes

Matthew 5:1-4

“Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him.” Matthew 5:1

On my trip to Israel, we visited what is believed to be this location. The lay of the land is like a natural amphitheater. Jesus wasn’t speaking to the twelve disciples, he spoke to a crowd of followers.

Sitting was the accepted posture of synagogue or school teachers (Luke 4:20; cf. Matthew 13:2; 23:2; 24:3).” (Carson)1 (emphasis added)

“[Jesus] opened His mouth and taught them” “In Greek, it is used of a solemn, grave and dignified utterance. It was used, for instance, of the saying of an oracle. It is the natural preface to a most weighty saying.” (Barclay)1 (emphasis added)

Beatitudes: the character of kingdom citizens.1

3) Blessed

Blessed—”happy, to be envied, and spiritually prosperous—with life-joy and satisfaction in God’s favor and salvation, regardless of their outward conditions” (AMPC)

4) Blessed are the Poor [poverty] in spirit

Everyone starts here

Poor in spirit: “those devoid of spiritual arrogance, those who regard themselves as insignificant” AMPC

Characteristics: Know they are spiritually bankrupt; Contrite and lowly in spirit; humble; rate themselves as insignificant; penitent; meek; not boastful or confident in their own strength and righteousness

Opposite of poor in spirit: boastful, self-confident, shameless, unrepentant, self-righteous

David wrote a prayer of repentance to Elohim (Psalm 51) after he sinned with Bathsheba and Nathan, the prophet, confronted him. It’s apparent he mourned deeply over his rebellious acts against a holy God and longed for redemption and the restoration of their relationship.

Restore the joy of your salvation to me, and provide me with a spirit of willing obedience.” Psalm 51:17 NOG

Yahweh, the Creator of all things, pays attention to those who are humble and sorry for their sins and who tremble when He speaks. Isaiah 66:2 (paraphrased)

The promised blessing for those who are poor in spirit

Theirs is the kingdom of heaven. We are coheirs with Jesus in the kingdom prepared for us since the creation of the world. His kingdom is at hand and within us.

“Jesus was telling those who recognized their spiritual inadequacies to be happy because help had come. They could receive new spirits (2 Corinthians 5:17) by letting the kingdom of God come within them (Luke 17:21 and Romans 14:17).”2

5a) Blessed are those who Mourn: 

Our reaction when we realize we are poor in spirit

Characteristics: Those who grieve; those with a heavy, burdened, and failing spirit; those in misery; those feeling dejected with heartfelt shame due to their sin. (A step beyond poor in spirit)

Opposite of mourning: This is a tough one because the opposite of mourning should be rejoicing. I came up with apathy. Those who just don’t take their spiritual condition seriously; shameless.

The blessing promised when we mourn over our rebellion against God

  • We will be comforted.
  • Brought into complete unity with Him.
  • Know the Father loves us just as He loves His Son.

b) Reasons we mourn

Isaiah 61:1-3 outlines a list of problems that cause us to mourn. Jesus came to fulfill this passage.

  • Poor/humble
  • Brokenhearted
  • Captives and prisoners
  • Grieving
  • Weak

Even Paul said the appetites and wills of his flesh were at war against what he truly wants to do. (Romans 7:22-24)

Draw closer to God, and he will come closer to us. We need to clean up our lives, doing whatever it takes. Be frustrated and disgusted about it until we ache with grief. Don’t give up. James 4:8-10

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1 used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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My answers, research, and notes for BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Matthew Lesson 5 Day 3