Matthew Lesson 4 Part 5

Matthew Lesson 4 Day 2, Matthew Lesson 4 Day 3, Matthew Lesson 4 Day 4, Matthew Lesson 4 Day 5

Matthew Lesson 4 Part 5

Matthew 4:12-25

Jesus begins His mission.

All the events recorded in John 1:19–3:36 happened before Matthew 4:12. So this may have been a year or more after Jesus’ baptism, fast, and temptations.

  • John recognized Jesus John 1:19-36
  • Two of John’s disciples follow Jesus (John 1:37-42)
  • Philip and Nathanael follow Jesus. (John 1:43-1)
  • Jesus turned water into wine at a wedding. (John 2:1-11)
  • Goes to Capernaum. (John 2:12)
  • Jerusalem, first time cleansing the temple. (John 2:13-17)
  • First prophecy of His death and resurrection. (John 2:18-25)
  • Nicodemus visits Jesus secretly. (John 3:1-21)
  • Jesus’ baptizing ministry at the Jordan in Judea (John 3:22 and 4:1-2)
  • John the Baptist baptizing in Aenon (John 3:23-36)

12) When Jesus heard that John was in prison,

He went back to the Galilee region, leaving Nazareth and made his home in Capernaum. It was located on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, on the border of the two ancient tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali. Jesus’ arrival there fulfilled Isaiah’s prophecy that northern tribes, which had suffered severely, would be delivered from their enemies.

Isaiah 9:1-2

But there will be no gloom for her who was in anguish. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the latter time he has made glorious the way of the sea, the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations.

The people who walked in darkness
    have seen a great light;
those who dwelt in a land of deep darkness,
    on them has light shone.

Matthew notes that Jesus fulfills Isaiah’s prophecy (Isaiah 9:1-2) by withdrawing to Galilee in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali. In John 8:12, Jesus calls himself “the light of the world.” Instead of “Galilee of the nations”, it reads, “Galilee of the Gentiles.”

Instead of “walked in darkness” Matthew 4:16 says they “sat in darkness.”

Sitting seems, to me, to be worse than walking. If you are walking, maybe you will walk out of that situation, but when you’re sitting, nothing is going to change. Notice these people were in the shadow of death. For something to cast a shadow, it has to stand between you and the light. Death had come between God and His people. This is describing a terrible state. However, this is also describing a wonderful thing. Light had come to all those who had been in the shadow of death. Nothing could come between them and their God.2

13) Jesus’ early ministry was similar to John the Baptist’s (See Matt 3)

Jesus preached with the same message as John. “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.” He also baptized in the Jordan like John before relocating to Galilee. (John 3:22 and 4:1-2) Matthew doesn’t mention if Jesus baptized in Galilee.

Unlike John’s ministry, Jesus demonstrates the power of the kingdom by performing signs, wonders, and miracles.

Jesus demonstrates God had not forgotten His people. He loved and cared about making them whole and free in mind, body, and spirit.

The good news Jesus taught was that God sent Him—God’s only son—in the power of the Holy Spirit, to be the savior of the world by His death and resurrection.

14a) Jesus calls disciples Simon (Peter), Andrew, James, and John.

They followed Him immediately.

Jesus promised to send them out to fish for men.

b) I’ve learned to delight myself in the Lord, live by His words, and be obedient as He leads.

The kingdom of heaven arrived 2000+ years ago. Jesus didn’t take it with Him when He ascended. He is the same yesterday, today and forever.

He left us with the same Holy Spirit power that raised Him from the dead. As He said to His disciples, “proclaim as you go, saying, ‘The kingdom of heaven is at hand.’ Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse lepers, cast out demons.” Matthew 10:7-8

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1 used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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My answers, research, and notes for BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Matthew Lesson 4 Day 5