Matthew Lesson 22 Day 5

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Matthew Lesson 22 Day 5

Matthew 22:1–14

Parable of the Wedding Banquet

13. Third parable to priests and elders

“This is the third parable in a row that Jesus spoke in response to the priests and elders assaulting His authority Matthew 21:23.” 2

  • King—God the Father
  • Son—Our Lord Jesus Christ
  • Bride—Everyone who believes in Jesus Christ
  • King’s servants—the prophets, apostles, and other messengers

Purpose of God’s messengers

God sent His messengers to invite the Jewish nation and others to His kingdom and the marriage of the Lamb and His wife (the church) who has prepared herself. 

The King’s messengers

The king’s messengers were ignored, mistreated, and killed. In Acts 7:51-53 NASB, Stephen sums it up very well:  “You men who are stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears are always resisting the Holy Spirit; you are doing just as your fathers did. Which one of the prophets did your fathers not persecute? They killed those who had previously announced the coming of the Righteous One, whose betrayers and murderers you have now become; you who received the law as ordained by angels, and yet did not keep it.” 

Then they stoned him to death. Paul was repeatedly whipped and stoned. The apostles were killed, boiled in oil, and exiled. Jesus, God’s own Son, was crucified.

Jesus’ target for this parable

Jesus directed this parable at the Jews, the Pharisees, and Jerusalem. God was about to send the Roman armies to burn up their city.

The Gentiles

“They were commonly regarded among the Jews as living in highways and hedges–cast out, poor, and despised.”  7

14. a. Wedding clothes

“It is thought that it was customary for wedding garments to be provided for all guests by their host. It was an insult of the highest degree to refuse to use the provided clothing since the guests were brought in directly from the highways and streets.”2

(Some commentators debate about whether this was a custom.)1

One man who attended the wedding was not wearing a wedding garment.

“He came because he was invited, but he came only in appearance. The banquet was intended to honor the King’s Son, but this man meant nothing of the kind; he was willing to eat the good things set before him, but in his heart, there was no love either for the King or his well-beloved Son.” (Spurgeon)

b. Jesus’ final plea to priests and elders

The Pharisees and other religious leaders were graciously invited to attend the royal banquet for the King of the Jews and the Lamb who would take away the sin of the world, but their representative only made an appearance. There was no honor or love.

15. Revelation 19:7-8

I joyously accepted his invitation.

Let us rejoice and exult
    and give him the glory,
for the marriage of the Lamb has come,
    and his Bride has made herself ready;
it was granted her to clothe herself
    with fine linen, bright and pure”—

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1 used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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