Matthew Lesson 22 Day 4

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Matthew Lesson 22 Day 4

Matthew 21:33-46

Parable of the wicked servants in the vineyard

10. Elements in the parable

The landowner of the vineyard is God.

The literal translation of “landowner” is a man, head of household or householder.”

The vineyard, like the fig tree, is a biblical metaphor for the people of God, the house of Israel.

“For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts is the house of Israel” Isaiah 5:7

The tenants in the parable are the priests and teachers of the law. Verse 45 tells us they understood Jesus was talking about them. They wanted to arrest him, but they were afraid of the crowds who recognized Jesus as a prophet.

The landlord (God) sent servant messengers, from time to time—His servants, the prophets. The men who were supposed to manage the vineyard mistreated and killed the messengers sent by the landowner.

The heir is Jesus, God’s own son.

There was a span of about forty years from the time of John the Baptist until Jerusalem was besieged by Titus.

Cast a trench about thee—This was literally fulfilled when this city was besieged by Titus. Josephus gives a very particular account of the building of this wall, which he says was effected in three days, though it was not less than thirty-nine furlongs in circumference; and that, when this wall and trench were completed, the Jews were so enclosed on every side that no person could escape out of the city, and no provision could be brought in, so that they were reduced to the most terrible distress by the famine which ensued. The whole account is well worth the reader’s attention. See Josephus, War, book v. chap. xxii. sec. 1, 2, 3.  Adam Clarke’s Commentary.

The new tenants would be the Gentiles—Luke 21:24 “They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled underfoot by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.”

However, God’s rejection of Israel is not final—Romans 11:11 “So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous.”

11. a. The chief cornerstone is Jesus the Messiah.

“Jesus warned the religious leaders that if they continued their rejection of God and His Messiah, they could expect that God would pass the leadership of His work on earth to others.”

Psalm 118:22–23 “The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.
This is the Lord‘s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes.”

In Romans 9:32–33, “Jesus is the “stumbling stone” that Paul was speaking of. God has placed Jesus directly in the path of every person. . . . those who believe in Him will never be ashamed.” Andrew Wommack’s Living Commentary.

In 1 Corinthians 1:23, Jesus is a stumbling block to the Jews and foolishness to the Gentiles. The Jews thought their own diligence produced holiness and couldn’t comprehend how faith in Jesus’ sacrifice was the only way to be redeemed. The Gentiles who were aware of their sin couldn’t comprehend that someone would die to redeem them.

b. Ephesians 2:20 Jesus is the chief cornerstone

People who still reject and stumble over this Stone today—

  • Most Jews still reject Jesus as the Messiah. 
  • Other religions also reject Jesus as the Son of God and the only way to the Father even though many acknowledge He was a prophet, teacher, and a good man.
  • Many believe all spiritual paths are about the same and lead to the same supreme being.
  • When asked, many will say they have lived a pretty good life—not a murderer, etc. Therefore, they don’t need a redeemer.

Jesus said the kingdom would be taken away from the Jewish nation and given to the Gentiles who would produce fruit. Acts 28:28 (HCSB) “Therefore, let it be known to you that this saving work of God has been sent to the Gentiles; they will listen!”

As a Gentile, I am encouraged to know I qualify. “God so loved the world, he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him . . . He didn’t send his Son to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him.  (John 3:16-17)

I am challenged to “Be diligent to present myself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth.” 2 Timothy 2:15 NASB

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1 used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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