Matthew Lesson 21 Day 5

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Matthew Lesson 21 Day 5

Matthew 21:12-17

13. The main purpose of the temple was prayer.

Jesus quotes from Isaiah 56:7 saying, “My house shall be called a house of prayer but you make it a den of robbers.” Matthew 21:13

In Mark 11:17, Mark includes the additional phrase “for all nations.” (Also from Isaiah 56:7)

 Use of the word “temple”—

John 2:18-22—Jesus was referring to His own body as the temple they would destroy and in three days He would raise it up.

1 Corinthians 6:19—For those of us who have the Spirit of God within us, our bodies are His temple.

Ephesians 2:21-22—The believers are building blocks that grow into a holy temple in the Lord, a dwelling of God in the Spirit. 

14. Jesus cleanses the temple.

He forcibly stops the commercial desecration of the temple, “who in cooperation with the priests cheated visitors to Jerusalem by forcing them to purchase approved sacrificial animals and currencies at high prices.”1

Barclay notes, “A pair of doves could cost as little as 4p outside the Temple and as much as 75p inside the Temple.” This is almost 20 times more expensive.1

He drove out all who sold and bought in the temple—not just those selling. He flipped over the money-changers’ tables “and the seats of those who sold pigeons.”

The merchants set up in the outer court where Gentiles were allowed to pray. With the market set up there, there may have been no room to pray.

John records a similar incident that occurred earlier in Jesus’ earthly ministry (John 2:13-22) where he said, “do not make my Father’s house a house of trade. His disciples remembered that it was written, “Zeal for your house will consume me.” Psalm 69:9

b. Create in me a clean heart, O God.

Psalm 51:10-12; 15-17

The Lord is more concerned about the posture of our hearts toward him than observing religious traditions.

When we are poor in spirit (Matthew 5:3), it means we realize we need him.

If we put our hope in him, he will clean our hearts and renew our spirit, restoring the joy of feeling his presence. (David wrote this after he sinned with Bathsheba.)

He prefers we praise him with our lips out of an honest desire to do so. That pleases him more than an animal sacrifice ever did.

2 Corinthians 7:1

We can abstain from giving in to fleshly passions that defile us. True holiness isn’t about dressing a certain way. Again, it’s about our hearts.

Philippians 4:8

Choose to think better thoughts. Think about what is true, honorable, just, pure, lovely, commendable. Things that are worthy of praise.

15. Christ cleanses us

Titus 3:5-6; 1 John 1:7-9

  • the washing of rebirth
  • renewal by the Holy Spirit
  • Purifying us with the blood of Jesus
  • forgiveness and purification
  • the abiding/indwelling presence of His Spirit

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1 used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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My answers, research, and notes for BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Matthew Lesson 21 Day 5