Matthew Lesson 20 Day 2

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Matthew Lesson 20 Day 2

Matthew 19:1-6

3. Pharisees try to test Jesus.

“Is it lawful to divorce one’s wife for any cause?”

    The rabbis were divided on the interpretation of the law concerning divorce (Deuteronomy 24:1). The conservatives of the school of Shammai held that adultery was the only ground for divorce; while the liberals of the school of Hillel advocated divorce for just any reason, even personal dislike.(5)

4. a. Genesis 1:27-28; 2:23-25

The penalty for adultery was death. If that sentence was carried out, a divorce decree was unnecessary. Allowing a man to divorce an adulterous wife meant she was extended mercy and allowed to live.

b.  Moses allowed divorce because they had hard hearts. They were focused on carnal rather than spiritual matters. Jesus points out that this was not in accord with God’s initial plan which only allowed the dissolution of a marriage on the grounds of adultery.

The law wasn’t trying to make divorce easier, but a restriction of easy divorce, giving the wife some protection. (5)

Hard hearts prevent us from seeking and understanding God’s ways. Even the disciples who spent days, weeks, months, and perhaps years with Jesus still suffered from this heart condition. We must ask, seek and knock—pressing in to break free of this mindset.

5. God’s perfect plan

Jesus relayed God’s original purpose for creating male and female and how they would become one flesh.  He said it was God who joined them together and no one should separate them.

Divorce and remarriage are not God’s best for us. He meant for a man and woman to marry and stay together for life. God also didn’t create multiple women for Adam—only one.

The Pharisees sought to justify their own loose interpretation of “uncleanness.” Jesus clarifies that the only thing meant by the word “uncleanness” is adultery. It doesn’t mean if she is a bad cook, gained too much weight, or isn’t as cute as she used to be.


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1 used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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