Matthew Lesson 17 Day 4

Matthew Lesson 17 Day 2, Matthew lesson 17 Day 3, Matthew Lesson 17 Day 4,Matthew Lesson 17 Day 5

Matthew Lesson 17 Day 4

Matthew 16:17-20

9. “Simon, son of Jonah, you are blessed!” (NOG)

Jesus commends Simon (Peter) for boldly declaring, “You are the Messiah [the Anointed One], the Son of the living God!”

Peter understood that Jesus was not only God’s Messiah, but also God Himself. The Jews properly thought that to receive the title “the Son of the living God,” in a unique sense, was to make a claim to deity itself.1

In Greek there is a play on words between petros (Peter or pebble) and petra (rock).

Peter’s use of the word “living” could be because “Caesarea Philippi was a centre of the worship of Pan” (Enduring Word). Pan was a Greek god depicted as half man half goat. (Wikepedia)

Jesus points out that Father God revealed this profound truth to Peter.

10. Jesus said I will build MY community.

“On this rock, I will build my ekklesia,” the Greek word for community.

The ancient Greek word ekklesia was not primarily a religious word at all; it just meant, “group” or “called-out group.” In describing the later group of His followers and disciples, Jesus deliberately chose a word without a distinctly religious meaning.

Furthermore, this statement of Jesus was a clear claim of ownership (My church). The church belongs to Jesus. This was also a claim to deity: “What is striking is…the boldness of Jesus’ description of it as my community, rather than God’s.” (France)

Meaning of rock, stone, block, or foundation…

  • Deuteronomy 32:4, 15, 18, 30-31—The Rock is Almighty God and the Son of God. He is perfect, sinless, righteous, upright, faithful, just—the Rock of our Salvation! (Jeshurun is referring to Israel)
  • Matthew 16:23—Block—something that can cause one to stumble.
  • Ephesians 2:20—The individual “bricks” of the foundation are the individual prophets and apostles. Jesus Christ, Himself is the foundation’s cornerstone of God’s household—the kingdom of God.
  • 1 Peter 2:4-8—Living Stone, Precious Cornerstone is Christ Jesus. He is our source of life— precious to those of us who put our trust in Him. By doing so, we have the honor of presenting ourselves as building stones of a living and breathing temple for His presence. But for those who disbelieve, He is a stumbling block and a stone the builders threw away.

b. His Church is a stronghold.

The gates of Sheol [death] will not overpower it.

He wasn’t talking about a physical structure.

11. I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven.

Jesus predicted He would overcome hell, death, and the grave once and for all on behalf of the saints. Death would become powerless.

Another possibility—perhaps both interpretations are applicable—has to do with Satan’s realm that seeks to steal, kill, and destroy.  In John 10:9, Jesus refers to Himself as the gate to abundant life—safety, protection, provision, and peace—the opposite of death even in our earthly life!

In his address to the crowds gathered in Jerusalem at Pentecost and to Cornelius’ family and friends in Caesarea, Peter used the gospel key of authority given to Him by Jesus’ promise in Matthew 16:19 to open the kingdom of heaven to the Jews and to the Gentiles.

It’s interesting to note that the phrase binding and loosing was familiar to the disciples according to references cited in the Pulpit Commentary

Lightfoot and Schöttgen have shown, by numerous quotations from the Talmud, that the phrases “bind” and “loose” are repeatedly used by the rabbis to denote the declaration of what is binding and what is immaterial in ethic and religions life. Thus say they, “The school of Hillel binds, the school of Schammai looses or declares indifferent, this or that regulation.”

The passage in Matthew refers to the beginning of the church as a body of people who form the temple for God’s presence foreshadowed by the mobile tent/tabernacle and later temples built of stone.

The passage in John extends the keys to all the disciples and expands to include the forgiveness of sin. Jesus’ blood sacrifice and resurrection made possible the forgiveness of sin without repeatedly sacrificing animals.

In Matthew 18:15-20 binding and loosing extends to the entire church.

I hear the phrase binding and loosing used and taught in the context of spiritual warfare—binding the powers of darkness. The verses do relate to the authority Jesus conveyed to us, especially when two or three agree. But the context also applies to other applications.


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RESOURCES

1 EnduringWord.com used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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My answers, research, and notes for BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Matthew Lesson 17 Day 4