Matthew Lesson 17 Day 2

Matthew Lesson 17 Day 2, Matthew lesson 17 Day 3, Matthew Lesson 17 Day 4,Matthew Lesson 17 Day 5

Matthew Lesson 17 Day 2

Matthew 16:1-12

3a) The Pharisees and Sadducees ask for a sign.

They wanted to trap Jesus.

Their working together showed a deep fear among the religious leaders. The Sadducees and Pharisees were long-standing enemies, and the fact that they came together against Jesus shows they regarded Him as a serious threat. 1

Pharisees followed and taught the people to follow minute details in the oral and written law. They also believed in the existence of angels and the resurrection.

Sadducees only followed the Hebrew scriptures except they didn’t believe the bits about angels.

They tested Jesus by asking him to perform a supernatural sign from heaven for them. (The scribes and Pharisees asked him the same in Matthew 12: 38-39.) According to tradition, “a sign done on earth could be a counterfeit from Satan, but signs done from heaven (coming in or from the sky) were assumed to be from God.”1

b)  Jesus answers

He answered that they know how to read signs in the sky to forecast weather, but they are “absolutely clueless in reading the obvious signs of the times.”(TPT)

Mark 8:12 says Jesus “sighed deeply in his spirit” as went on to say, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.”

Sign of the prophet Jonah—

Just as Jonah was in the belly of the fish for three days before being spit out alive, Jesus would soon die, be buried in a tomb for three days, and come out of the grave alive, appearing to hundreds of people.

Of all people, the Pharisees and Sadducees should have recognized the Messiah based solely on their knowledge of the scriptures. Because Jesus didn’t conform to their expectations of the Messiah, they rejected Him. They were blinded by their own evil hearts which were far from Him.

Conversely, Anna and Simeon recognized Jesus as the infant Messiah when Mary and Joseph presented Him to the Lord.

4a) Watch and beware

Jesus warns his disciples to watch out and guard themselves against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

b)  The disciples were thinking about temporal things.

Since Jesus expected them to feed the crowds on at least two occasions, and since he asked them about the bread supply, it must have been their responsibility. They thought Jesus was scolding them because they forgot bread so they didn’t remember his parable about spiritual yeast.

c) You have such little faith!

Jesus reminds them that he is Jehovah Jireh because he provided bread not only for them but for thousands of people on two occasions.

“Don’t you understand? I’m not talking about bread, but I’m warning you to avoid the yeast of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.” (TPT)

Scholars believe there were about 6000 Pharisees in Israel during the time of Jesus.

Yeast (leaven) “symbolized the false doctrine of the religious leaders (vs 12). The Pharisees were legalists who reduced religion to form and ceremony. The Sadducees were rationalists and materialists, denying the supernatural elements in religion.”5

5) Like Martha

When we focus on our long list of things to do, the noise around us, and frustrating circumstances, we forget spiritual things and miss his still small voice. We also don’t discern the signs of the times in the world, although that’s less true right now due to the pandemic than it’s ever been in my lifetime.

Also, many of us have internalized false doctrines either through teaching we’ve heard or because of our experiences.


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RESOURCES

1 EnduringWord.com used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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My answers, research, and notes for BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Matthew Lesson 17 Day 2