Matthew Lesson 1 Day 2

Matthew Lesson 1 Day 2,Matthew Lesson 1 Day 3, Matthew Lesson 1 Day 4, Matthew Lesson 1 Day 5

Matthew Lesson 1 Day 2 — Matthew 1:1-17

Introduction

Matthew’s gospel is—

  • The most evangelistic
  • The most Jewish
  • The most quoted and highly regarded

Each gospel tells about the life and ministry of Jesus from a different perspective.

Matthew—Jesus, the son of David, the kingly Messiah promised from David’s royal line (2 Samuel 7:12-16).

Mark—Jesus, a servant. He includes no genealogy.

Luke—Jesus, the Son of Man. His genealogy begins with Adam.

John—Jesus, the Son of God.

The Jewish flavor of the Gospel of Matthew makes for a logical transition between the Old and New Testaments. For these reasons, the early church placed it first in order among the four gospel accounts.1

“The book of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.” Matthew 1:1

But first, a tangent. I’ve spent way too much time researching this question—Was Matthew’s gospel first written in Hebrew?

Some early church commentators and modern scholars say that Matthew originally wrote his gospel in Hebrew, and it was then translated into Greek. Yet there is no concrete evidence for this theory, such as the discovery of an early Hebrew manuscript of Matthew. (Enduring Word Bible Commentary)

Since Matthew’s gospel is the most Jewish of the four, it seems logical he wrote it in Hebrew or Aramaic.

Around 130 A.D., Church father Papias (a former student of the Apostle John) explained:

So then Matthew wrote the oracles in the Hebrew language, and everyone interpreted them as he was able.  (Recorded by Eusebius in Church History, 3:39)

Irenaeus was a student of Polycarp, who was a student of the Apostle John.  Around 170 A.D., Irenaeus confirms and elaborates upon Papias’ report:

Matthew also issued a written Gospel among the Hebrews in their own dialect, while Peter and Paul were preaching in Rome and laying the foundation of the Church. After their departure, Mark, the disciple and interpreter of Peter, did also hand down to us in writing what had been preached by Peter. Luke also, the companion of Paul, recorded in a book the Gospel preached by him. Afterwards John, the disciple of the Lord, who also had leaned upon his breast, did himself publish a Gospel during his residence at Ephesus in Asia.  (Against Heresies, 3:1) (Source)

An early Jewish historical document notes the burning of Hebrew manuscripts written by early believers because by this time, all who believed in Yeshua as the promised Messiah were considered heretics. [I’m trying to locate relocate the source document.]

It’s not surprising early manuscripts aren’t available today, so I don’t find that to be a convincing argument. End of first Tangent

3) Matthew begins his account of Jesus by listing His ancestry.

But first, why did the Creator need to come to earth and manifest in a human form?

He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of all creation. For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. (Colossians 1:15-17)

Last year in our study of Genesis, we read many accounts of the Angel of the Lord interacting with Adam and Eve, Abraham, Hagar, Jacob, and others.

The Lord Jesus Christ was present at the beginning of creation—He was and is our Creator. His pre-existence is further affirmed by His many appearances documented throughout the Old Testament. Theophany is a theological term that refers to an encounter with God prior to Christ’s incarnation. There are over 50 possible theophanies recorded throughout the Old Testament, primarily concentrated in Genesis, in the Exodus and conquest events, in Judges, and in the prophets. (Source)

Adam and Eve walked and talked with God in the cool of the day. Jacob wrestled with God face to face for an entire night.

1) He came to establish the Kingdom of heaven on earth. There could be only one kingdom and only one King. He must be from the bloodline of David to be the king of the Jews and fulfill the promise.

2) Redemption

3) Defeat death remove penalty of death

Jesus’ lineage is important because it demonstrates the fulfillment of prophecies about the promised Messiah.

Matthew included Abraham, Jacob, and David.

The genealogy also demonstrates the importance of the many individuals in the Messiah’s lineage and the importance of their faith and relationship with God.

Abraham ties Jesus to God’s covenant to all nations.

  • He will be great.
  • He will be called the Son of the Most High.
  • The Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David.
  • He will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever.
  • His kingdom will never end.

4) Matthew’s genealogy

Matthew begins with Abraham. Jesus is the Seed of Abraham in whom all nations would be blessed (Genesis 12:3).

Fourteen generations from Abraham to David

And from David to the deportation to Babylon—fourteen

From the deportation to Babylon to the Christ—fourteen

5. The women Matthew included

Tamar—Genesis 38

Tamar was not an Israelite. She tricked Judah by disguising herself as a prostitute. Scripture doesn’t mention if she had faith in God or if she prayed, but she was determined make Judah do right by her.

Ruth—

Ruth was a Moabite—not a descendant of Abraham. She returned to Israel with her mother-in-law. Because of her love and commitment to Naomi, God enabled her to conceive and her son was the grandfather of David.

Wife of Uriah (Bathsheba)

Bathsheba became the wife of David as the result of lust, adultery, and murder. Their first son died seven days after his birth. Their second son was King Solomon. The Lord loved him and gave him great wisdom.

Rahab—Joshua 2; 6:17

Rahab hid the spies, endangering herself and her family. She also followed the spies’ instructions which saved her family.

“Only Rahab the prostitute and all who are with her in her house shall be spared, because she hid the spies we sent.” Joshua 6:17 NIV  Rahab lived in Jericho, a city in Canaan captured by the Israelites.

Ruth—Ruth 1; 4:13-17

clung to her mother-in-law, leaving behind her birth family, her heritage, her culture, and her gods. She submitted herself to Naomi and obeyed her instructions. God blessed her by giving her a wealthy, respected husband and a son. I find it notable that the town to which Naomi and Ruth returned was none other than Bethlehem, the future birthplace of the Messiah.

Mary—Luke 1:26-56

Mary was a descendant of Abraham, chosen by God to give birth to the Messiah. She humbly submitted to God’s plan, realizing what a great honor this was.

She confessed with her mouth saying she was the Lord’s servant. She was willing and in agreement with the message delivered by the angel.

She went to visit Elizabeth because she believed what the angel told her about Elizabeth’s miraculous conception.

Why Matthew included these women in his genealogy

I believe these women were included in the genealogy as an encouragement to those of us who feel unworthy of God’s grace and mercy. God knew their hearts and counted them worthy because of their faith or determination. In the case of Bathsheba, it was more likely due to David’s repentance and faith.

Jesus treated women with respect. Most men did not. He loved his mother and spoke kindly to the woman at the well. He wouldn’t allow the Pharisees to stone the woman caught in adultery. How did the Pharisees catch her? Perhaps one of them was with her.


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RESOURCES

1 EnduringWord.com used by written permission.
2 AWM Living Commentary used by written permission.
3 Unless otherwise indicated, all Scripture quotations from *The ESV Bible® (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
4 Strong’s Concordance, public domain.
5 *Spirit Filled Life Bible®copyright © 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. (The Holy Bible, New King James Bible) copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.
6 Ellicott’s Commentary, public domain.
7 Barnes’ Notes on the Bible, public domain.
8 The Names of God Bible (without notes) © 2011 by Baker Publishing Group.

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