Acts + Letters Lesson 14 Day 2

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Hebrews 4:14–5:10

Questions for Acts and Letters of the Apostles Lesson 14

Jesus, our compassionate high priest

3. a. Typical high priest

To the ancient Greeks, the primary attribute of God was apatheia, the essential inability to feel anything at all. Jesus isn’t like that. He knows and He feels what we go through. The ancient Greek word translated sympathize literally means “to suffer along with.”

A man chosen and appointed to represent the people before God. (v. 5:1

Offers gifts and sacrifices to God.

He can show compassion because he understands human temptation, weakness, and physical infirmity. (v. 5:2)

Offers sacrifices for himself and for others (v. 5:3)

Chosen by God to serve as a priest forever(v. 5:4)

b. There’s no other priest like Jesus our great High Priest.

They call no other priest great.

Only our Lord Jesus Christ “has already ascended and passed through the heavens.” (v. 14 AMPC)

No other high priest lived a sinless life. Jesus offered himself as a sacrifice on behalf of everyone’s past, present, and future sins.

He “understands and sympathizes . . . with our weaknesses and infirmities and liability to the assaults of temptation, but One who has been tempted in every respect as we are, yet without sinning (v. 15 AMPC, emphasis added).

Only Jesus is the Son of God.

4. a. Matthew 4:1-11; Matthew 26:36-44

The Holy Spirit led Jesus into . . . temptation. (Is that why the Lord’s prayer has the line, “Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one?”)

Satan transported Jesus to the highest point of the temple overlooking the depths of the Kedron valley, so deep you could not see the bottom, according to Josephus. (Antiquities, Book 15, Chap.11:5Some believe the distance was seven hundred feet. (Bible-History.com)

Jewish Literature, the Messiah, and the Pinnacle

It is interesting to note that in rabbinic literature, the Midrash (Pesiqta Rabbati, 162a) plainly states the Jewish belief that Messiah would manifest himself standing on the roof of the temple. Not on any roof but “the” roof, as it states in the NT using the definite article “the pinnacle.”

No doubt that Satan enticed Jesus with the temptation to fulfill Malachi 3:1 before the designated time.

Another interesting note is that the rabbis believed that the person identified by God in Psalm 91 is none other than the Messiah. This is exactly where Satan misquoted the Scripture about the angels: “He shall give His angels charge concerning you (and) in their hands they shall bear you up…” (Bible-history.com)

Jesus faces temptation while alone in the desert.

Satan tempted Jesus when he was alone, physically weak, and vulnerable. He also seemed to know Jesus’ destiny because he tempted him to take the easy route.

Yet He endured triumphantly every form of testing that man could endure, without any weakening of His faith in God or any relaxation of His obedience to Him. Such endurance involves more, not less, than ordinary human suffering. (Bruce via Enduring Word)

b. Temptations

Taking offense

Judging others

Worrying instead of praying and trusting God

“The Lord is not sitting in the heavens worrying about anything, and neither will those who are abiding in Him.” (Rick Joyner)

5. Jesus’ learned obedience through his suffering.

Jesus asked that the cup be taken away from Him (Luke 22:42), yet the cup was not taken away. Nevertheless, His prayer was heard because His prayer was not to escape His Father’s will, but to accept it—and that prayer was definitely heard. (Enduring Word)

In taking on humanity, the Son of God learned and experienced obedience. Since he never sinned, we know he obeyed his parents and others in rightful authority throughout his life.

In this way, God qualified him as a perfect High Priest, and he became the source of eternal salvation for all those who obey him. And God designated him to be a High Priest in the order of Melchizedek.

Personal application

Each time Jesus seems to disobey authority, we know that the Father approved.

Living a Christ-like life comes only through an intimate relationship with him, learning to hear his voice, and obedience.

Jesus never suffered because of sin. He learned through suffering just as we do.

We find some deep, challenging truths here to apply to our own lives.


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Unless noted, all Scripture from public domain WEB translation.

My answers to BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Acts + Letters of the Apostles Lesson 14 Day 2