Acts + Letters Lesson 13 Day 2

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Acts + Letters Lesson 13 Day 2

Hebrews 1

Jesus, the Eternal Son of God

The purpose of the book of Hebrews is to establish that Jesus supersedes all other beings and revelations of God. It is to prove that we have a better covenant than the Old Covenant and move the readers from the old to the new. This chapter shows the superiority of Jesus over any angel. Jesus is greater than any angel; He created the angels (Colossians 1:16-17 and John 1:3). He is God’s Son and, therefore, God’s heir (Hebrews 1:2). He has a greater power and authority than the angels by inheritance. (AWLC)

3. Jesus supersedes all other beings and revelations of God.

God spoke “through the prophets at many times and in various ways” (v. 1)

The Greek word translated “many times” is polumeros which means:  “in many portions, i.e. variously as to time and agency (piecemeal):—at sundry times.” Strongs

“At the end of these days spoken to us by his Son” (v. 2) — This refers to the age of the Messiah.

It isn’t so much that Jesus brought a message from the Father; He is a message from the Father. The idea is that Jesus is far more than the latest or best prophet. He has revealed something no other prophet could.… in the revelation from Jesus we see the personality of God (Enduring Word) .

Christ the Heir* of all things — Heir to all God has and is, and we are joint heirs with him (Romans 8:17) (AWLC).

Through whom he also made the worlds — Creator — The ancient Greek word translated worlds is aion, from which we get our English word “eons.” It means that Jesus made more than the material world. He also made the very ages—history itself is the creation of the Son of God (Enduring Word).

Christ the Revealer* — His Son is the radiance of his glory, the very image of his substance (v. 3).

“I am Yahweh.
That is my name.
I will not give my glory to another,
nor my praise to engraved images (Isaiah 42:8).

We have seen and testify that the Father has sent the Son as the Savior of the world (1 Timothy 4:10).

By these verses, we can see that Jesus is not an angel or another human prophet. He is God.

Christ the Sustainer* — Upholds all things by the word of his power (v. 3). 

Jesus holds creation together. If He were to break His Word (the Word that created the universe, Hebrews 11:3 and John 1:3), then the universe would fly apart. Since creation is still intact, we can be assured that He has never failed to keep His Word. God’s Word is the binding power that holds all creation together. So, when we speak God’s Word in faith that power is released.
(AWLC).

Christ our Redeemer* — Purified us of our sins (v. 3)

Christ the Ruler* — Sits at the right hand of the Majesty on high (v. 3)

After Jesus purged us of our sin, He sat down on the right hand of the Father. The significance of this is that He isn’t still having to cleanse us. He’s seated. It’s finished. Jesus doesn’t have to continually purge us from sin every time we sin. It was done once for all time (Hebrews 10:10-14). We were forgiven of all sin, past-, present-, and even future-tense sin (Hebrews 9:12 and 25-28) (AWLC)

Christ Supreme* — Jesus, the divine Son of God, paid it all!

So much packed in these verses!

4. Jesus is so much better than the angels.

Jesus is superior to the angels because He sat down, having completed His work, while the angels work on continually, as shown in Psalm 110:1.
But to which of the angels has He ever said:

“Sit at My right hand,
Till I make Your enemies Your footstool”?

“The Jews venerated angels because of their place in the giving of the Law (Acts 7:53; Galatians 3:19), and it was essential that Jewish Christians should learn by this comparison something of the infinite superiority of our Lord over those heavenly beings that held so prominent a place in Jewish life.” (Thomas* via Enduring Word)

“Therefore, angels are only servants—spirits sent to care for people who will inherit salvation” (v. 14 NLT).

5. Hebrews 1 quotes many Old Testament prophesies.

Jesus fulfills all of them.


  • Griffith Thomas linked together the descriptions of Jesus given in these first few verses, culminating in Hebrews 1:4.

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Scripture references taken from the public domain WEB translation unless we identify another source.

My answers to BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Acts + Letters of the Apostles Lesson 13 Day 2