Acts + Letters Lesson 11 Day 3

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Acts 13:14b-41

Questions for Acts and Letters of the Apostles Lesson 11

Paul and his company set sail… to Perga.

From Perga they traveled inland to Antioch of Pisidia. (This is a different Antioch)

Perga was a costal, harbor city, where the ship from Paphos came to the mainland. Antioch in Pisidia was about 135 miles (220 kilometers) inland, to the north. This general region was known as Galatia, and later Paul wrote a letter to these churches that is included in our New Testament library. (Enduring Word Commentary)

Antioch in Pisidia was different from Antioch in Syria, where Paul and Barnabas spent so much time teaching and where the disciples were first called Christians Acts 11:19. (AWLC)

5. Paul’s message in Acts13:16-25)

I wondered, “Why did the rulers of the synagogue ask Paul and Barnabas if they wanted to speak. And who were these rulers?”

From Mark 5:22 and Luke 8:41, it is clear that the “certain ruler” mentioned here was a ruler of the synagogue. These rulers had several duties including (1) presiding at assemblies; (2) appointing or permitting members of the synagogue or qualified visitors to pray, read the Scriptures, and exhort the people (Acts 13:14-15); and (3) making sure the proper procedures and laws were observed at assemblies (Luke 13:14). Some synagogues may have had more than one ruler (Mark 5:22 and Acts 13:15), one of whom was chief (Acts 18:8).

The synagogues in Paul’s day did not have a paid minister who preached but rather a man who was appointed ruler of the synagogue (see note 1 at Matthew 9:18). He simply directed the synagogue meetings but did not preach at them. It was customary to read scriptures and then have people in the congregation comment on them. If those who were known for their insight into the things of God were present, they were asked to stand and speak, as Paul and Barnabas were here. (AWLC)

Paul used Jewish history to teach about Jesus since he was in a Jewish synagogue.

God’s plan for Israel

God multiplied and strengthened the nation of Isreal and later led them out of slavery in a miraculous way.

He didn’t abandon them when they wandered in the wilderness for forty years.

“Then he destroyed seven nations in Canaan and gave their land to Israel as an inheritance. All this took about 450 years.” (vs. 19-20a NLT)

“God gave them judges to rule until the time of Samuel the prophet.” (vs. 20b NLT)

“The people craved for a king, so God gave them… Saul, the son of Kish, who ruled for forty years.” (vs. 21 TPT)

—>”And when He had deposed him, He raised up David to be their king; of him He bore witness and said, I have found David son of Jesse a man after My own heart, who will do all My will and carry out My program fully.” (vs. 22 AMPC)

The Messiah God Promised

—>One of King David’s descendants is the Savior God promised to Israel. (vs. 23)

—>John the Baptist, the forerunner, preached the baptism of repentance. “As John was fulfilling his course, he said, ‘What do you suppose that I am? I am not he. But behold, one comes after me, the sandals of whose feet I am not worthy to untie.'” (vs. 25 WEB)

6. Part 2 (Acts 13:26-37)

—>Paul then addresses his audience of fellow Jews and the God-fearing Gentiles who were also present saying, “this message of salvation has been sent to us! (vs. 26 NLT)”

—>The people in Jerusalem and their rulers (of the temple) did not realize Jesus was the one the prophets foretold even though they heard their words read every Sabbath. They condemned him to die, fulfilling those same prophecies.

—>”And they did to him all that was prophesied they would do.” (vs. 29 TPT)

But God!!

—>On the third day, God raised Jesus from the dead! (vs. 30)

—>In the following forty days, many people saw Jesus and can testify that he defeated death and decay.

God fulfilled his promise and now sent Paul and his company to share the good news.

38 “So listen, friends! Through this Jesus, the forgiveness of sins is offered to you. 39 Everyone who believes in him is set free from sin and guilt—something the law of Moses had no power to do. 40 So be very careful that what the prophets warned about does not happen to you:

41 ‘Be amazed and in agony, you scoffers!
    For in your day I will do something so wonderful
    that when I perform mighty deeds among you,
    you won’t even believe that it was I who did it!’ ” (Habakkuk 1:5) (TPT)

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We take all scripture references from the public domain WEB translation unless we identify another source.

My answers to BSF Bible Study Fellowship questions Acts + Letters of the Apostles Lesson 11 Day 3